β-Hydride Elimination and C-H Activation by an Iridium Acetate Complex, Catalyzed by Lewis Acids. Alkane Dehydrogenation Cocatalyzed by Lewis Acids and [2,6-Bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl]iridium

Yang Gao, Changjian Guan, Meng Zhou, Akshai Kumar, Thomas J. Emge, Ashley M. Wright, Karen I. Goldberg, Karsten Krogh-Jespersen, Alan S Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

NaBArF4 (sodium tetrakis[(3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate) was found to catalyze reactions of (Phebox)IrIII(acetate) (Phebox = 2,6-bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl) complexes, including (i) β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) to give (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H) and the microscopic reverse, alkene insertion into the Ir-H bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), and (ii) hydrogenolysis of the Ir-alkyl bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) and the microscopic reverse, C-H activation by (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), as indicated by H/D exchange experiments. For example, β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-octyl) (2-Oc) proceeded on a time scale of minutes at -15 °C in the presence of (0.4 mM) NaBArF4 as compared with a very slow reaction at 125 °C in the absence of NaBArF4. In addition to NaBArF4, other Lewis acids are also effective. Density functional theory calculations capture the effect of the Na+ cation and indicate that it operates primarily by promoting κ21 dechelation of the acetate anion, which opens the coordination site needed to allow the observed reaction to proceed. In accord with the effect on these individual stoichiometric reactions, NaBArF4 was also found to cocatalyze, with (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), the acceptorless dehydrogenation of n-dodecane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6338-6350
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume139
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 10 2017

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Iridium
Lewis Acids
Hydrogenolysis
Alkanes
Dehydrogenation
Hydrides
Paraffins
Olefins
Density functional theory
Acetates
Negative ions
Positive ions
Chemical activation
Sodium
Hydrogen
Borates
Acids
Alkenes
Anions
Cations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

β-Hydride Elimination and C-H Activation by an Iridium Acetate Complex, Catalyzed by Lewis Acids. Alkane Dehydrogenation Cocatalyzed by Lewis Acids and [2,6-Bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl]iridium. / Gao, Yang; Guan, Changjian; Zhou, Meng; Kumar, Akshai; Emge, Thomas J.; Wright, Ashley M.; Goldberg, Karen I.; Krogh-Jespersen, Karsten; Goldman, Alan S.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 139, No. 18, 10.05.2017, p. 6338-6350.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gao, Yang ; Guan, Changjian ; Zhou, Meng ; Kumar, Akshai ; Emge, Thomas J. ; Wright, Ashley M. ; Goldberg, Karen I. ; Krogh-Jespersen, Karsten ; Goldman, Alan S. / β-Hydride Elimination and C-H Activation by an Iridium Acetate Complex, Catalyzed by Lewis Acids. Alkane Dehydrogenation Cocatalyzed by Lewis Acids and [2,6-Bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl]iridium. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2017 ; Vol. 139, No. 18. pp. 6338-6350.
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abstract = "NaBArF4 (sodium tetrakis[(3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate) was found to catalyze reactions of (Phebox)IrIII(acetate) (Phebox = 2,6-bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl) complexes, including (i) β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) to give (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H) and the microscopic reverse, alkene insertion into the Ir-H bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), and (ii) hydrogenolysis of the Ir-alkyl bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) and the microscopic reverse, C-H activation by (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), as indicated by H/D exchange experiments. For example, β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-octyl) (2-Oc) proceeded on a time scale of minutes at -15 °C in the presence of (0.4 mM) NaBArF4 as compared with a very slow reaction at 125 °C in the absence of NaBArF4. In addition to NaBArF4, other Lewis acids are also effective. Density functional theory calculations capture the effect of the Na+ cation and indicate that it operates primarily by promoting κ2-κ1 dechelation of the acetate anion, which opens the coordination site needed to allow the observed reaction to proceed. In accord with the effect on these individual stoichiometric reactions, NaBArF4 was also found to cocatalyze, with (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), the acceptorless dehydrogenation of n-dodecane.",
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AU - Gao, Yang

AU - Guan, Changjian

AU - Zhou, Meng

AU - Kumar, Akshai

AU - Emge, Thomas J.

AU - Wright, Ashley M.

AU - Goldberg, Karen I.

AU - Krogh-Jespersen, Karsten

AU - Goldman, Alan S

PY - 2017/5/10

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N2 - NaBArF4 (sodium tetrakis[(3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate) was found to catalyze reactions of (Phebox)IrIII(acetate) (Phebox = 2,6-bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl) complexes, including (i) β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) to give (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H) and the microscopic reverse, alkene insertion into the Ir-H bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), and (ii) hydrogenolysis of the Ir-alkyl bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) and the microscopic reverse, C-H activation by (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), as indicated by H/D exchange experiments. For example, β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-octyl) (2-Oc) proceeded on a time scale of minutes at -15 °C in the presence of (0.4 mM) NaBArF4 as compared with a very slow reaction at 125 °C in the absence of NaBArF4. In addition to NaBArF4, other Lewis acids are also effective. Density functional theory calculations capture the effect of the Na+ cation and indicate that it operates primarily by promoting κ2-κ1 dechelation of the acetate anion, which opens the coordination site needed to allow the observed reaction to proceed. In accord with the effect on these individual stoichiometric reactions, NaBArF4 was also found to cocatalyze, with (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), the acceptorless dehydrogenation of n-dodecane.

AB - NaBArF4 (sodium tetrakis[(3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenyl]borate) was found to catalyze reactions of (Phebox)IrIII(acetate) (Phebox = 2,6-bis(4,4-dimethyloxazolinyl)-3,5-dimethylphenyl) complexes, including (i) β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) to give (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H) and the microscopic reverse, alkene insertion into the Ir-H bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), and (ii) hydrogenolysis of the Ir-alkyl bond of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-alkyl) and the microscopic reverse, C-H activation by (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), as indicated by H/D exchange experiments. For example, β-H elimination of (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(n-octyl) (2-Oc) proceeded on a time scale of minutes at -15 °C in the presence of (0.4 mM) NaBArF4 as compared with a very slow reaction at 125 °C in the absence of NaBArF4. In addition to NaBArF4, other Lewis acids are also effective. Density functional theory calculations capture the effect of the Na+ cation and indicate that it operates primarily by promoting κ2-κ1 dechelation of the acetate anion, which opens the coordination site needed to allow the observed reaction to proceed. In accord with the effect on these individual stoichiometric reactions, NaBArF4 was also found to cocatalyze, with (Phebox)Ir(OAc)(H), the acceptorless dehydrogenation of n-dodecane.

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