The Fermi golden rule formalism has been used to derive the rate constant for interfacial electron transfer from a semimetallic electrode, such as highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG), to a redox couple in solution. A simple expression is presented that semiquantitatively relates the electron-transfer rate constant at a semimetallic electrode to that at a metallic electrode. The approach allows for the estimation of the value of the rate constant for interfacial charge transfer to nonadsorbing outer-sphere redox species at semimetallic electrodes. Rate constants for interfacial electron transfer for a variety of one-electron redox couples at semimetallic electrodes have been calculated relative to the rate constant of the ferrocenium/ferrocene redox couple at a gold electrode. Good agreement is found, in general, between the calculated and observed rate constants.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry