A map of the inorganic ternary metal nitrides

Wenhao Sun, Christopher J. Bartel, Elisabetta Arca, Sage R. Bauers, Bethany Matthews, Bernardo Orvañanos, Bor Rong Chen, Michael F. Toney, Laura T. Schelhas, William Tumas, Janet Tate, Andriy Zakutayev, Stephan Lany, Aaron M. Holder, Gerbrand Ceder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Exploratory synthesis in new chemical spaces is the essence of solid-state chemistry. However, uncharted chemical spaces can be difficult to navigate, especially when materials synthesis is challenging. Nitrides represent one such space, where stringent synthesis constraints have limited the exploration of this important class of functional materials. Here, we employ a suite of computational materials discovery and informatics tools to construct a large stability map of the inorganic ternary metal nitrides. Our map clusters the ternary nitrides into chemical families with distinct stability and metastability, and highlights hundreds of promising new ternary nitride spaces for experimental investigation—from which we experimentally realized seven new Zn- and Mg-based ternary nitrides. By extracting the mixed metallicity, ionicity and covalency of solid-state bonding from the density functional theory (DFT)-computed electron density, we reveal the complex interplay between chemistry, composition and electronic structure in governing large-scale stability trends in ternary nitride materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-739
Number of pages8
JournalNature materials
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2019

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metal nitrides
Nitrides
nitrides
Metals
synthesis
chemistry
solid state
Functional materials
metastable state
metallicity
Electronic structure
Density functional theory
Carrier concentration
density functional theory
electronic structure
trends
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Sun, W., Bartel, C. J., Arca, E., Bauers, S. R., Matthews, B., Orvañanos, B., ... Ceder, G. (2019). A map of the inorganic ternary metal nitrides. Nature materials, 18(7), 732-739. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0396-2

A map of the inorganic ternary metal nitrides. / Sun, Wenhao; Bartel, Christopher J.; Arca, Elisabetta; Bauers, Sage R.; Matthews, Bethany; Orvañanos, Bernardo; Chen, Bor Rong; Toney, Michael F.; Schelhas, Laura T.; Tumas, William; Tate, Janet; Zakutayev, Andriy; Lany, Stephan; Holder, Aaron M.; Ceder, Gerbrand.

In: Nature materials, Vol. 18, No. 7, 01.07.2019, p. 732-739.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sun, W, Bartel, CJ, Arca, E, Bauers, SR, Matthews, B, Orvañanos, B, Chen, BR, Toney, MF, Schelhas, LT, Tumas, W, Tate, J, Zakutayev, A, Lany, S, Holder, AM & Ceder, G 2019, 'A map of the inorganic ternary metal nitrides', Nature materials, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 732-739. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0396-2
Sun W, Bartel CJ, Arca E, Bauers SR, Matthews B, Orvañanos B et al. A map of the inorganic ternary metal nitrides. Nature materials. 2019 Jul 1;18(7):732-739. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41563-019-0396-2
Sun, Wenhao ; Bartel, Christopher J. ; Arca, Elisabetta ; Bauers, Sage R. ; Matthews, Bethany ; Orvañanos, Bernardo ; Chen, Bor Rong ; Toney, Michael F. ; Schelhas, Laura T. ; Tumas, William ; Tate, Janet ; Zakutayev, Andriy ; Lany, Stephan ; Holder, Aaron M. ; Ceder, Gerbrand. / A map of the inorganic ternary metal nitrides. In: Nature materials. 2019 ; Vol. 18, No. 7. pp. 732-739.
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