A nanoscale optical biosensor

The long range distance dependence of the localized surface plasmon resonance of noble metal nanoparticles

Amanda J. Haes, Shengli Zou, George C Schatz, Richard P. Van Duyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

608 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The elucidation of the long range distance dependence of the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of surface-confined noble metal nanoparticles is the aim of this work. It was suspected that the linear distance dependence found in CH3(CH2)xSH self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formation was the thin shell limit of a longer range, nonlinear dependence. To verify this, multilayer SAM shells based on the interaction of HOOC-(CH2)10SH and Cu2+ were assembled onto surface-confined noble metal nanoparticles and were monitored using UV-visible spectroscopy. Measurement of the LSPR extinction peak shift versus number of layers and adsorbate thickness is nonlinear and has a sensing range that is dependent on the composition, shape, in-plane width, and out-of-plane height of the nanoparticles. Theoretical calculations based on an accurate electrodynamics description of the metal nanoparticle plus surrounding layered material indicate plasmon resonance wavelength shifts that are in excellent agreement with the measurements. The calculations show that the sensing range is determined by falloff of the average induced electric field around the nanoparticle. This detailed set of experiments coupled with an excellent theory versus experiment comparison prove that the sensing capabilities of noble metal nanoparticles can be size tuned to match the dimensions of biological and chemical analytes by adjusting the aforementioned properties. The optimization of the LSPR nanosensor for a specific analyte will significantly improve an already sensitive nanoparticle-based sensor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume108
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 8 2004

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Metal nanoparticles
Surface plasmon resonance
Precious metals
noble metals
bioinstrumentation
surface plasmon resonance
Biosensors
nanoparticles
Self assembled monolayers
Nanoparticles
Nanosensors
Electrodynamics
Adsorbates
Multilayers
Experiments
Electric fields
Spectroscopy
shift
Wavelength
Sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

A nanoscale optical biosensor : The long range distance dependence of the localized surface plasmon resonance of noble metal nanoparticles. / Haes, Amanda J.; Zou, Shengli; Schatz, George C; Van Duyne, Richard P.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 108, No. 1, 08.01.2004, p. 109-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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