The rhodium containing polyoxometalate, [(WZnRh2/(III))(ZnW9O34)2]10 was prepared by reaction of [(WZn3)(ZnW9O34)2]12- with RhCl3. The X-ray diffraction showed this compound to be isostructural to other compounds of this series. This was confirmed by the IR spectra. The elementary analysis and cyclic voltammetry measurements indicated that the polyoxometalate was of high purity. Epoxidation of alkenes with 30% aqueous H2O2 in 1,2-dichloroethane/water biphasis systems using [(WZnRh2/(III))(ZnW9O34)2]10 as catalyst showed high overall activity as compared to other noble metal substituted polyoxometalates of this series. The reactions were highly selective to epoxidation of cyclohexene and similar to previously reported [(WZnRh2/(II))(ZnW9O34)2]12-, except that hydrogen peroxide yields were measurably higher in the rhodium case. The [(WZnRh2(III))(ZnW9O34)2]10 catalyst appears to be stable under turnovers conditions. Using IR spectroscopy as a probe to compare active polyoxometalates (Rh and Mn) versus an inactive one (Zn), showed that in the former case peroxo-tungstate intermediates could be identified whereas for the inactive compound no such intermediate was observed. A possible mechanism taking into account reactivity, steric constraints and IR spectra assuming structural integrity under catalytic turnover conditions was put forth.
- Hydrogen peroxide activation
- Rhodium polyoxometalate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry