A self-assembly pathway to aligned monodomain gels

Shuming Zhang, Megan A. Greenfield, Alvaro Mata, Liam C. Palmer, Ronit Bitton, Jason R. Mantei, Conrado Aparicio, Monica Olvera De La Cruz, Samuel I. Stupp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

405 Citations (Scopus)


Aggregates of charged amphiphilic molecules have been found to access a structure at elevated temperature that templates alignment of supramolecular fibrils over macroscopic scales. The thermal pathway leads to a lamellar plaque structure with fibrous texture that breaks on cooling into large arrays of aligned nanoscale fibres and forms a strongly birefringent liquid. By manually dragging this liquid crystal from a pipette onto salty media, it is possible to extend this alignment over centimetres in noodle-shaped viscoelastic strings. Using this approach, the solution of supramolecular filaments can be mixed with cells at physiological temperatures to form monodomain gels of aligned cells and filaments. The nature of the self-assembly process and its biocompatibility would allow formation of cellular wires in situ that have any length and customized peptide compositions for use in biological applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-601
Number of pages8
JournalNature materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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    Zhang, S., Greenfield, M. A., Mata, A., Palmer, L. C., Bitton, R., Mantei, J. R., Aparicio, C., De La Cruz, M. O., & Stupp, S. I. (2010). A self-assembly pathway to aligned monodomain gels. Nature materials, 9(7), 594-601. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2778