A theoretical study of molecular conduction. III. A nonequilibrium-Green's-function-based Hartree-Fock approach

Tomomi Shimazaki, Yongqiang Xue, Mark A Ratner, Koichi Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many recent experimental and theoretical studies have paid attention to the conductivity of single molecule transport junctions, both because it is fundamentally important and because of its significance in the development of molecular-based electronics. In this paper, we discuss a nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF)-based Hartree-Fock (HF) approach; the NEGF method can appropriately accommodate charge distributions in molecules connected to electrodes. In addition, we show that a NEGF-based density matrix can reduce to an ordinary HF density matrix for an isolated molecule if the molecule does not interact with electrodes. This feature of the NEGF-based density matrix also means that NEGF-based Mulliken charges can be reduced to ordinary Mulliken charges in those cases. Therefore, the NEGF-based HF approach can directly compare molecules that are connected to electrodes with isolated ones, and is useful in investigating complicated features of molecular conduction. We also calculated the transmission probability and conduction for benzenedithiol under finite electrode biases. The coupling between the electrodes and molecule causes electron transfer from the molecule to the electrodes, and the applied bias modifies this electron transfer. In addition, we found that the molecule responds capacitively to the applied bias, by shifting the molecular orbital energies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114708
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume124
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Green's function
Green's functions
conduction
Molecules
Electrodes
electrodes
molecules
electron transfer
Electrons
Charge distribution
Molecular orbitals
charge distribution
molecular orbitals
Electronic equipment
conductivity
causes
electronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

A theoretical study of molecular conduction. III. A nonequilibrium-Green's-function-based Hartree-Fock approach. / Shimazaki, Tomomi; Xue, Yongqiang; Ratner, Mark A; Yamashita, Koichi.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 124, No. 11, 114708, 2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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