Ab initio calculation of the transition-state properties and addition rate constants for H + C2H2 and selected isotopic analogues

Lawrence B. Harding, Albert F. Wagner, Joel M. Bowman, George C Schatz, Kurt Christoffel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present GVB-POL-CI ab initio calculations of the geometries, energetics, and normal mode frequencies of C2H2, C2H3, and the transition state for the addition reaction of H + C2H2. In addition, normal mode frequencies for the isotopic variants D + C2D2, D + C2H2, and H + C2D2 are presented. These results are compared to experimental values for C2H2 and to ab initio values of Nagase and Kern, and semiempirical values of Keil, Lynch, Cowfer, and Michael. The results are also used to calculate the apparent bimolecular addition rate constant using conventional RRKM theory for chemical activation. The calculated rate constants and their isotopic variants are compared as a function of temperature and pressure to available experimental information. The agreement is little different from that obtained by Keil et al. with a similar calculation using semiempirical values for acetylene, transition-state, and vinyl radical properties. In particular, the calculated high-pressure limit of the rate constant appears to be at least 1 order of magnitude higher than the experimental limit Several possible reasons for this discrepancy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4312-4327
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume86
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 1982

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Rate constants
analogs
vinyl radical
Acetylene
Acetylglucosaminidase
Addition reactions
acetylene
Chemical activation
activation
Geometry
geometry
Temperature
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Ab initio calculation of the transition-state properties and addition rate constants for H + C2H2 and selected isotopic analogues. / Harding, Lawrence B.; Wagner, Albert F.; Bowman, Joel M.; Schatz, George C; Christoffel, Kurt.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 86, No. 22, 1982, p. 4312-4327.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harding, Lawrence B. ; Wagner, Albert F. ; Bowman, Joel M. ; Schatz, George C ; Christoffel, Kurt. / Ab initio calculation of the transition-state properties and addition rate constants for H + C2H2 and selected isotopic analogues. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry. 1982 ; Vol. 86, No. 22. pp. 4312-4327.
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