Ab initio study of cyanogen: The X̃ 1Σ g +, ã3Σu +, B̃ 1Δu, and C̃ 1Π u states

C. E. Dateo, Michel Dupuis, W. A. Lester

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11 Citations (Scopus)


An ab initio multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) study of the X̃ 1Σg +, a ̃3Σ, u +1Δu, and C̃ 1Πu states of cyanogen (C2N2) is presented. Equilibrium structures, harmonic vibrational frequencies, excitation energies, and dissociation energies have been calculated and found to be in semiquantitative agreement with available experimental data. This study confirms the π→π* character of C2N23Σu +) and C2N2 (B̃ 1Δu), and the n→;π* character of C2N2 (C̃ 1Πu) near their equilibrium structures. Configuration mixing among the n and π electrons is needed to correct the broken symmetry description given by the Hartree-Fock (HF) method, and leads to a qualitatively correct representation of these states. For C2N23Σu +) and C2N2 (B̃ 1Δ u), the harmonic force constants show a strong through-bond interaction which is due to the dominance of the charge transfer configuration +NCCN-. For C2N2 (C̃1Πu) the trans-bending vibrational mode and the cis-bending mode lead to different Renner-Teller splittings: the lower 1A′ state most likely has a slightly trans-bent minimum energy structure. The calculated harmonic stretching frequencies of C2N 2 (C̃ 1Πu) are v1 (sym. CN str.)=2145 cm-1, v2 (CC str.)=989 cm-1, and v3 (asym. CN str.)=1789 cm-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-272
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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