Activation of metal-organic framework materials

Joseph E. Mondloch, Olga Karagiaridi, Omar K. Farha, Joseph T. Hupp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)


Crystalline metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as a highly desirable class of solid-state materials. Some of their most attractive features include exceptionally high porosities as well as surface areas. A key aspect to the realization of high porosity is the removal of guest molecules from the framework while still maintaining its structural integrity (i.e., "activation"). This contribution highlights the strategies utilized to date for activating MOFs, including: (i) conventional heating and vacuum; (ii) solvent-exchange; (iii) supercritical CO2 (scCO2) exchange; (iv) freeze-drying; and (v) chemical treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9258-9264
Number of pages7
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - Dec 7 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Mondloch, J. E., Karagiaridi, O., Farha, O. K., & Hupp, J. T. (2013). Activation of metal-organic framework materials. CrystEngComm, 15(45), 9258-9264.