Addition of aldehydes and acyl chlorides to [Rh(PiPr3)2Cl]2. Thermodynamics and molecular and crystal structures of Rh(PiPr3)2ClX[C(O)Ph] (X = H, Cl)

Kun Wang, Thomas J. Emge, Alan S Goldman, Chunbang Li, Steven P. Nolan

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Abstract

Addition of aldehyde (ECHO; R = n-octyl, Ph, p-Tol, p-MeOC6H4, p-CF3C6H4) to [Rh(PiPr3)2Cl]2 (1) results in rapid addition of the aldehyde C-H bond to yield Rh(PiPr3)2-ClH[C(O)R] (2-R). 2-Ph was isolated, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals a trigonal-bipyramidal structure with a small H-Rh-C(acyl) angle of 85(4)°. Enthalpies of addition to 1 were measured by solution calorimetry (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -15.2 ± 0.3; Ph, -10.8 ± 0.4; p-Tol, -10.6 ± 0.4; p-CF3C6H4, -12.7 ± 0.4; p-MeOC6H4, -10.5 ± 0.3. Electron-withdrawing para substituents on the aromatic aldehydes favor addition. Addition of nonanal is more favorable than addition of benzaldehydes, probably due to steric effects, particularly the close hydride-phenyl contact found in 2-Ph. 1 reacts with acyl chlorides (RC(O)Cl, R = octyl, Ph) rapidly to give Rh(PPr3)2Cl2[C(O)R] (3-R). 3-Ph possesses a square-pyramidal structure. The enthalpies of addition were also measured calorimetrically (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -24.6 ± 0.3; Ph, -21.7 ± 0.3. Relative to the addition of acyl chlorides, the exothermicity of aldehyde addition is greater than would be expected on the basis of thermodynamic data for related late-transition-metal complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4929-4936
Number of pages8
JournalOrganometallics
Volume14
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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aldehydes
Aldehydes
Molecular structure
Chlorides
molecular structure
Crystal structure
chlorides
Thermodynamics
thermodynamics
crystal structure
Enthalpy
Benzaldehydes
Coordination Complexes
Calorimetry
Hydrides
Transition metals
Single crystals
enthalpy
X ray diffraction
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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Addition of aldehydes and acyl chlorides to [Rh(PiPr3)2Cl]2. Thermodynamics and molecular and crystal structures of Rh(PiPr3)2ClX[C(O)Ph] (X = H, Cl). / Wang, Kun; Emge, Thomas J.; Goldman, Alan S; Li, Chunbang; Nolan, Steven P.

In: Organometallics, Vol. 14, No. 10, 1995, p. 4929-4936.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Addition of aldehyde (ECHO; R = n-octyl, Ph, p-Tol, p-MeOC6H4, p-CF3C6H4) to [Rh(PiPr3)2Cl]2 (1) results in rapid addition of the aldehyde C-H bond to yield Rh(PiPr3)2-ClH[C(O)R] (2-R). 2-Ph was isolated, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals a trigonal-bipyramidal structure with a small H-Rh-C(acyl) angle of 85(4)°. Enthalpies of addition to 1 were measured by solution calorimetry (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -15.2 ± 0.3; Ph, -10.8 ± 0.4; p-Tol, -10.6 ± 0.4; p-CF3C6H4, -12.7 ± 0.4; p-MeOC6H4, -10.5 ± 0.3. Electron-withdrawing para substituents on the aromatic aldehydes favor addition. Addition of nonanal is more favorable than addition of benzaldehydes, probably due to steric effects, particularly the close hydride-phenyl contact found in 2-Ph. 1 reacts with acyl chlorides (RC(O)Cl, R = octyl, Ph) rapidly to give Rh(PPr3)2Cl2[C(O)R] (3-R). 3-Ph possesses a square-pyramidal structure. The enthalpies of addition were also measured calorimetrically (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -24.6 ± 0.3; Ph, -21.7 ± 0.3. Relative to the addition of acyl chlorides, the exothermicity of aldehyde addition is greater than would be expected on the basis of thermodynamic data for related late-transition-metal complexes.",
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T1 - Addition of aldehydes and acyl chlorides to [Rh(PiPr3)2Cl]2. Thermodynamics and molecular and crystal structures of Rh(PiPr3)2ClX[C(O)Ph] (X = H, Cl)

AU - Wang, Kun

AU - Emge, Thomas J.

AU - Goldman, Alan S

AU - Li, Chunbang

AU - Nolan, Steven P.

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N2 - Addition of aldehyde (ECHO; R = n-octyl, Ph, p-Tol, p-MeOC6H4, p-CF3C6H4) to [Rh(PiPr3)2Cl]2 (1) results in rapid addition of the aldehyde C-H bond to yield Rh(PiPr3)2-ClH[C(O)R] (2-R). 2-Ph was isolated, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals a trigonal-bipyramidal structure with a small H-Rh-C(acyl) angle of 85(4)°. Enthalpies of addition to 1 were measured by solution calorimetry (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -15.2 ± 0.3; Ph, -10.8 ± 0.4; p-Tol, -10.6 ± 0.4; p-CF3C6H4, -12.7 ± 0.4; p-MeOC6H4, -10.5 ± 0.3. Electron-withdrawing para substituents on the aromatic aldehydes favor addition. Addition of nonanal is more favorable than addition of benzaldehydes, probably due to steric effects, particularly the close hydride-phenyl contact found in 2-Ph. 1 reacts with acyl chlorides (RC(O)Cl, R = octyl, Ph) rapidly to give Rh(PPr3)2Cl2[C(O)R] (3-R). 3-Ph possesses a square-pyramidal structure. The enthalpies of addition were also measured calorimetrically (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -24.6 ± 0.3; Ph, -21.7 ± 0.3. Relative to the addition of acyl chlorides, the exothermicity of aldehyde addition is greater than would be expected on the basis of thermodynamic data for related late-transition-metal complexes.

AB - Addition of aldehyde (ECHO; R = n-octyl, Ph, p-Tol, p-MeOC6H4, p-CF3C6H4) to [Rh(PiPr3)2Cl]2 (1) results in rapid addition of the aldehyde C-H bond to yield Rh(PiPr3)2-ClH[C(O)R] (2-R). 2-Ph was isolated, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study reveals a trigonal-bipyramidal structure with a small H-Rh-C(acyl) angle of 85(4)°. Enthalpies of addition to 1 were measured by solution calorimetry (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -15.2 ± 0.3; Ph, -10.8 ± 0.4; p-Tol, -10.6 ± 0.4; p-CF3C6H4, -12.7 ± 0.4; p-MeOC6H4, -10.5 ± 0.3. Electron-withdrawing para substituents on the aromatic aldehydes favor addition. Addition of nonanal is more favorable than addition of benzaldehydes, probably due to steric effects, particularly the close hydride-phenyl contact found in 2-Ph. 1 reacts with acyl chlorides (RC(O)Cl, R = octyl, Ph) rapidly to give Rh(PPr3)2Cl2[C(O)R] (3-R). 3-Ph possesses a square-pyramidal structure. The enthalpies of addition were also measured calorimetrically (R, ΔH/(kcal/mol)): octyl, -24.6 ± 0.3; Ph, -21.7 ± 0.3. Relative to the addition of acyl chlorides, the exothermicity of aldehyde addition is greater than would be expected on the basis of thermodynamic data for related late-transition-metal complexes.

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