Addressing the characterisation challenge to understand catalysis in MOFs

The case of nanoscale Cu supported in NU-1000

Ana E. Platero-Prats, Zhanyong Li, Leighanne C. Gallington, Aaron W. Peters, Joseph T Hupp, Omar K. Farha, Karena W. Chapman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We explore the dynamic structure and reactivity of Cu species supported on NU-1000. By combining pair distribution function (PDF) analysis and difference envelope density (DED) analysis of in situ synchrotron-based X-ray scattering data, we simultaneously probe the local structure of supported Cu-species, their distribution within NU-1000 and distortions of the NU-1000 lattice under conditions relevant to catalysis and catalyst activation. These analyses show that atomic layer deposition (ALD) of Cu in NU-1000 (Cu-AIM) leads to the formation of Cu-oxo clusters within the small pores that connect the triangular and hexagonal channels. Exposure of Cu-AIM to a reducing atmosphere at 200 °C produces metallic Cu0 of two distinct particle sizes: ∼4 nm nanoparticles and small sub-nanometer clusters. The size of these nanoparticles appears to be constrained by NU-1000 pore dimensions, with evidence of the sub-nanometer clusters being bound within the triangular channels flanked by pyrene rings. This supported Cu0-NU-1000 system is catalytically active for gas-phase ethylene hydrogenation. Exposure of the catalyst to oxidative atmosphere re-oxidises the Cu species to a Cu2O cuprite phase. The dynamic restructuring of the system in different chemical environments underscores the importance of probing these systems in situ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-362
Number of pages14
JournalFaraday Discussions
Volume201
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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Catalysis
catalysis
Nanoparticles
Catalysts
Atomic layer deposition
X ray scattering
Synchrotrons
Hydrogenation
Distribution functions
porosity
catalysts
atmospheres
nanoparticles
Gases
Chemical activation
Particle size
pyrenes
atomic layer epitaxy
hydrogenation
synchrotrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Addressing the characterisation challenge to understand catalysis in MOFs : The case of nanoscale Cu supported in NU-1000. / Platero-Prats, Ana E.; Li, Zhanyong; Gallington, Leighanne C.; Peters, Aaron W.; Hupp, Joseph T; Farha, Omar K.; Chapman, Karena W.

In: Faraday Discussions, Vol. 201, 01.01.2017, p. 349-362.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Platero-Prats, Ana E. ; Li, Zhanyong ; Gallington, Leighanne C. ; Peters, Aaron W. ; Hupp, Joseph T ; Farha, Omar K. ; Chapman, Karena W. / Addressing the characterisation challenge to understand catalysis in MOFs : The case of nanoscale Cu supported in NU-1000. In: Faraday Discussions. 2017 ; Vol. 201. pp. 349-362.
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