Anchoring groups for photocatalytic water oxidation on metal oxide surfaces

Kelly L. Materna, Robert H. Crabtree, Gary W Brudvig

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface anchoring groups are needed to attach molecular units to photoanodes for photocatalytic water oxidation. The anchoring group must be hydrolytically stable and oxidation resistant under a variety of pH conditions. They must sometimes be electrically conducting for efficient light-induced electron injection from a photosensitizer to a metal oxide, but other times not conducting for accumulation of oxidizing equivalents on a water-oxidation catalyst. Commonly used anchors such as carboxylic acids and phosphonic acids have limited stability in aqueous environments, leading to surface hydrolysis and loss of catalytic function. More hydrolytically stable anchors, such as silatranes and hydroxamic acids, which are oxidation resistant and stable under acidic, neutral, and basic conditions, are more suitable for photoanode applications. Hydroxamic acids can be incorporated into dye molecules to give high electron injection efficiency due to their electrical conductivity and strong electronic coupling to the metal oxide surface. In contrast, silatranes, once bound as siloxanes, have diminished electronic coupling making them useful as catalyst anchors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6099-6110
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Volume46
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 21 2017

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Oxides
Anchors
Metals
Hydroxamic Acids
Oxidation
Electron injection
Water
Phosphorous Acids
Siloxanes
Catalysts
Photosensitizing Agents
Carboxylic Acids
Hydrolysis
Coloring Agents
Molecules
silatrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Anchoring groups for photocatalytic water oxidation on metal oxide surfaces. / Materna, Kelly L.; Crabtree, Robert H.; Brudvig, Gary W.

In: Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 46, No. 20, 21.10.2017, p. 6099-6110.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Materna, Kelly L. ; Crabtree, Robert H. ; Brudvig, Gary W. / Anchoring groups for photocatalytic water oxidation on metal oxide surfaces. In: Chemical Society Reviews. 2017 ; Vol. 46, No. 20. pp. 6099-6110.
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