Antiferromagnetic Semiconductor BaFMn0.5Te with Unique Mn Ordering and Red Photoluminescence

Haijie Chen, Rebecca Mcclain, Jiangang He, Chi Zhang, Jack N. Olding, Roberto Dos Reis, Jin Ke Bao, Ido Hadar, Ioannis Spanopoulos, Christos D. Malliakas, Yihui He, Duck Young Chung, Wai Kwong Kwok, Emily A. Weiss, Vinayak P. Dravid, Christopher Wolverton, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Semiconductors possessing both magnetic and optoelectronic properties are rare and promise applications in opto-spintronics. Here we report the mixed-anion semiconductor BaFMn0.5Te with a band gap of 1.76 eV and a work function of 5.08 eV, harboring both antiferromagnetism (AFM) and strong red photoluminescence (PL). The synthesis of BaFMn0.5Te in quantitative yield was accomplished using the "panoramic synthesis" technique and synchrotron radiation to obtain the full reaction map, from which we determined that the compound forms upon heating at 850 °C via an intermediate unknown phase. The structure refinement required the use of a (3+1)-dimensional superspace group Cmme(α01/2)0ss. The material crystallizes into a ZrCuSiAs-like structure with alternating [BaF]+ and [Mn0.5Te]- layers and has a commensurately modulated structure with the q-vector of 1/6a∗ + 1/6b∗ + 1/2c∗ at room temperature arising from the unique ordering pattern of Mn2+ cations. Long-range AFM order emerges below 90 K, with two-dimensional short-range AFM correlations above the transition temperature. First-principles calculations indicate that BaFMn0.5Te is an indirect band gap semiconductor with the gap opening between Te 5p and Mn 3d orbitals, and the magnetic interactions between nearest-neighbor Mn2+ atoms are antiferromagnetic. Steady-state PL spectra show a broad strong emission centered at700 nm, which we believe originates from the energy manifolds of the modulated Mn2+ sublattice and its defects. Time-resolved PL measurements reveal an increase in excited-state lifetimes with longer probe wavelengths, from 93 ns (at 650 nm) to 345 ns (at 800 nm), and a delayed growth (6.5 ± 0.3 ns) in the kinetics at 800 nm with a concomitant decay (4.1 ± 0.1 ns) at 675 nm. Together, these observations suggest that there are multiple emissive states, with higher energy states populating lower energy states by energy transfer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17421-17430
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume141
Issue number43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 30 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Chen, H., Mcclain, R., He, J., Zhang, C., Olding, J. N., Dos Reis, R., Bao, J. K., Hadar, I., Spanopoulos, I., Malliakas, C. D., He, Y., Chung, D. Y., Kwok, W. K., Weiss, E. A., Dravid, V. P., Wolverton, C., & Kanatzidis, M. G. (2019). Antiferromagnetic Semiconductor BaFMn0.5Te with Unique Mn Ordering and Red Photoluminescence. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 141(43), 17421-17430. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.9b09382