Aqueous carbon quantum dot-embedded PC60-PC61BM nanospheres for ecological fluorescent printing: Contrasting fluorescence resonance energy-transfer signals between watermelon-like and random morphologies

Yu Jin Kim, Peijun Guo, Richard D. Schaller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


To go beyond the PC60 surfactant structure, the double-layer micelle morphology in water motivates exploration of altered protocols to produce new morphologies. Furthermore, the low photoluminescence quantum yield of aqueous fullerene-based particles encourages high fluorescence to create a light-emitting display. With this in mind, we established new hybrid n-type nanospheres with carbon quantum dot (CQD)-embedded PC60-PC61BM particles, processed using two different protocols. The homogenizer-assisted PC60-CQD-PC61BM resulted in a watermelon-shaped spherical particle, whereas a circular morphology with randomly embedded CQDs was observed in the microwave-treated hybrids. More surprisingly, the watermelon-shaped colloid induced efficient fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the CQD and C60 molecules of PC61BM, and the FRET-mediated emission signature diminished gradually as the stripe patterns collapsed. This phenomenon allowed different fluorescent colors in the colloidal printing film. We thereby provided the new carrier dynamics of the particle photonic activities of the developed aqueous PC60-based colloids with the possibility of ecological utilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6525-6535
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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