Aspects of science and technology in support of legal and policy frameworks associated with a global carbon emissions-control regime

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Abstract

The delegates to COP21 in Paris, in conjunction with nationally formulated commitments and pledges, resolved that countries should take actions to "hold the increase in global temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels" and to achieve "a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removal by sinks of greenhouse gases in the second half of this century". This resolution for action suggests a step towards a global carbon emissions-control regime which, due to regional variabilities and remaining uncertainties as to the exact effects of atmospheric CO2 concentrations, must be considered within the purview of risk management. In this Opinion, four topics are discussed that intertwine science, technology, legal, and policy issues critical to the implementation of any global carbon emissions-control regime: (i) What to regulate and at what levels; (ii) Regulating short-term versus long-term emissions; (iii) Validation of compliance in a regulated global emissions regime; and, (iv) Legal aspects of geoengineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2172-2176
Number of pages5
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

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Emission control
emission control
carbon emission
science and technology
Carbon
Risk management
Greenhouse gases
compliance
greenhouse gas
Temperature
policy
temperature
Compliance
Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The delegates to COP21 in Paris, in conjunction with nationally formulated commitments and pledges, resolved that countries should take actions to {"}hold the increase in global temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels{"} and to achieve {"}a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removal by sinks of greenhouse gases in the second half of this century{"}. This resolution for action suggests a step towards a global carbon emissions-control regime which, due to regional variabilities and remaining uncertainties as to the exact effects of atmospheric CO2 concentrations, must be considered within the purview of risk management. In this Opinion, four topics are discussed that intertwine science, technology, legal, and policy issues critical to the implementation of any global carbon emissions-control regime: (i) What to regulate and at what levels; (ii) Regulating short-term versus long-term emissions; (iii) Validation of compliance in a regulated global emissions regime; and, (iv) Legal aspects of geoengineering.",
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