Assembly and Electronic Applications of Colloidal Nanomaterials

Jian Zhu, Mark C. Hersam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Artificial solids and thin films assembled from colloidal nanomaterials give rise to versatile properties that can be exploited in a range of technologies. In particular, solution-based processes allow for the large-scale and low-cost production of nanoelectronics on rigid or mechanically flexible substrates. To achieve this goal, several processing steps require careful consideration, including nanomaterial synthesis or exfoliation, purification, separation, assembly, hybrid integration, and device testing. Using a ubiquitous electronic device – the field-effect transistor – as a platform, colloidal nanomaterials in three electronic material categories are reviewed systematically: semiconductors, conductors, and dielectrics. The resulting comparative analysis reveals promising opportunities and remaining challenges for colloidal nanomaterials in electronic applications, thereby providing a roadmap for future research and development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1603895
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2017

Keywords

  • field-effect transistors
  • monodisperse
  • nanocrystals
  • nanotubes
  • two-dimensional nanomaterials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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