Auger Up-Conversion of Low-Intensity Infrared Light in Engineered Quantum Dots

Nikolay S. Makarov, Qianglu Lin, Jeffrey M. Pietryga, István Robel, Victor I Klimov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One source of efficiency losses in photovoltaic cells is their transparency toward solar photons with energies below the band gap of the absorbing layer. This loss can be reduced using a process of up-conversion whereby two or more sub-band-gap photons generate a single above-gap exciton. Traditional approaches to up-conversion, such as nonlinear two-photon absorption (2PA) or triplet fusion, suffer from low efficiency at solar light intensities, a narrow absorption bandwidth, nonoptimal absorption energies, and difficulties for implementing in practical devices. Here we show that these deficiencies can be alleviated using the effect of Auger up-conversion in thick-shell PbSe/CdSe quantum dots. This process relies on Auger recombination whereby two low-energy, core-based excitons are converted into a single higher-energy, shell-based exciton. Compared to their monocomponent counterparts, the tailored PbSe/CdSe heterostructures feature enhanced absorption cross-sections, a higher efficiency of the “productive” Auger pathway involving re-excitation of a hole, and longer lifetimes of both core- and shell-localized excitons. These features lead to effective up-conversion cross-sections that are more than 6 orders of magnitude higher than for standard nonlinear 2PA, which allows for efficient up-conversion of continuous wave infrared light at intensities as low as a few watts per square centimeter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10829-10841
Number of pages13
JournalACS Nano
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 27 2016

Fingerprint

Excitons
Semiconductor quantum dots
quantum dots
Infrared radiation
excitons
Photons
Energy gap
photons
Photovoltaic cells
Transparency
photovoltaic cells
Light sources
Heterojunctions
energy absorption
Fusion reactions
absorption cross sections
luminous intensity
continuous radiation
energy
Bandwidth

Keywords

  • Auger recombination
  • Auger up-conversion
  • biexciton
  • core/shell PbSe/CdSe quantum dot
  • single exciton
  • trion
  • two-photon absorption
  • up-conversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Auger Up-Conversion of Low-Intensity Infrared Light in Engineered Quantum Dots. / Makarov, Nikolay S.; Lin, Qianglu; Pietryga, Jeffrey M.; Robel, István; Klimov, Victor I.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 10, No. 12, 27.12.2016, p. 10829-10841.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Makarov, Nikolay S. ; Lin, Qianglu ; Pietryga, Jeffrey M. ; Robel, István ; Klimov, Victor I. / Auger Up-Conversion of Low-Intensity Infrared Light in Engineered Quantum Dots. In: ACS Nano. 2016 ; Vol. 10, No. 12. pp. 10829-10841.
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