Anion doping of semiconductors with nitrogen is a strategy often adopted to narrow the band gap of semiconductors and increase the range of light absorption. However, the influence of nitrogen doping on the electron mobility in the semiconductor is not fully understood and characterized. In this work, we used magnesium tantalate MgTa2O6 as a model system and hybrid density-functional theory calculations to characterize the mobility of electrons using the small polaron model in the presence of nitrogen-doping defects as well as oxygen-vacancy defects. We found that electron mobility is not significantly affected when MgTa2O6 is doped with a molar ratio N/O of ∼2%. However, in the presence of oxygen vacancies combined with nitrogen doping with the same molar ratio N/O of ∼2%, the barrier to electron hopping in the vicinity of the defects is much lower than that in pristine MgTa2O6 and in MgTa2O6 with oxygen-vacancy defects only. These results suggest that nitrogen doping combined with anion vacancy not only narrows band gap but also enhances electron mobility, a finding that may lead to new strategies toward synthesizing more efficient photocatalysts. (Figure Presented).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films