This paper demonstrates the direct sensing of glucose at physiologically relevant concentrations with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) on gold film-over-nanosphere (AuFON) substrates functionalized with bisboronic acid receptors. The combination of selectivity in the bisboronic acid receptor and spectral resolution in the SERS data allow the sensors to resolve glucose in high backgrounds of fructose and, in combination with multivariate statistical analysis, detect glucose accurately in the 1-10 mM range. Computational modeling supports assignments of the normal modes and vibrational frequencies for the monoboronic acid base of our bisboronic acids, glucose and fructose. These results are promising for the use of bisboronic acids as receptors in SERS-based in vivo glucose monitoring sensors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry