A series of oligomeric methylsiloxane compounds functionalized with pyridyl groups was synthesized and used as ligands in the aerobic Pd(OAc) 2-catalyzed oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde at 353 K. The effect of tethering two pyridine ligands at the terminal positions of linear siloxanes of varying length was systematically investigated, as was the effect of the attachment point of the pyridine ring (meta or para). It was found that meta-substituted pyridylsiloxanes were generally more effective in protecting the catalyst against Pd agglomeration. For this purpose, the optimal meta-pyridylsiloxane ligands had 4-6 silicon atoms or 10 silicon atoms for para-pyridylsiloxane ligands. The metal-ligand binding properties were used to interpret the catalytic behavior, and the ability of the catalyst stability correlated with ability of the bis-pyridyl ligand to form a mononuclear cyclic complex with Pd.
- Ligand tethering
- Partial oxidation
- Pd(II) catalysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology