Carbonate melt-based flue gas desulphurisation: Material balance and economic advantage

Valery Kaplan, Ellen Wachtel, Nurlan Dosmukhamedov, Igor Lubomirsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have recently proposed a two-stage process for scrubbing sulphur from flue gas of coal-fired power plants: 1) the gas is brought into contact with a (Na, K, Li)-carbonate eutectic melt, producing sulphates; 2) the eutectic is regenerated by purging with CO from coal combustion, and recycled. Only the coal requires continual replenishing. In the current work, a combined scrubbing/regeneration flow diagram is presented and the material balance calculated. The economic advantages of the dual process are evaluated, taking into consideration high value end-products and the effect of sulphur content on the quantity of additional coal required for CO production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-38
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Coal-fired power stations
  • Desulphurisation economic advantage
  • Desulphurisation material balance
  • Flue gases
  • Molten carbonate melt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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