Catalytic lean NOx reduction over mixed metal oxides, and its common features with selective oxidation of alkanes

Harold H Kung, M. C. Kung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In catalytic reactions involving molecular oxygen, activation of oxygen by dissociative adsorption can be an important step. When the rate of this step is slow compared to other steps in the reaction, the activation of other oxygen sources and the formation of products that require smaller number of oxygen atoms become more competitive. This can be accomplished by highly dispersing the redox centers in the catalyst, which are commonly transition metal ions. This hypothesis can be used to explain the results of the catalytic lean NOx reduction by hydrocarbon over mixed metal oxides, as well as catalytic selective oxidation of butane and selective epoxidation of alkenes. However, when the activation of molecular oxygen is a crucial step in determining the overall activity of the catalyst, possibly as in the NH3-SCR reaction over V/TiO2, a balance between the ability of the catalyst to activate molecular oxygen and the selectivity to N2 when NO is reduced will determine the form of a desirable catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-14
Number of pages10
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume30
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 17 1996

Fingerprint

Alkanes
Paraffins
Oxides
Molecular oxygen
Metals
Oxidation
Catalysts
Chemical activation
Oxygen
Epoxidation
Catalyst selectivity
Butane
Alkenes
Hydrocarbons
Thyristors
Olefins
Transition metals
Metal ions
Adsorption
Atoms

Keywords

  • Butane oxidation
  • Mixed metal oxides
  • NO reduction
  • NO reduction
  • Pentane oxidation
  • Selective oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Catalytic lean NOx reduction over mixed metal oxides, and its common features with selective oxidation of alkanes. / Kung, Harold H; Kung, M. C.

In: Catalysis Today, Vol. 30, No. 1-3, 17.06.1996, p. 5-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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