Catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Mo oxides

Jason D. Pless, Billy B. Bardin, Peter C Stair, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A series of single-phase compositions found in the MgO - V 2O 5 - MoO 3 ternary phase diagram, e.g., Mg 3(VO 4) 2, Mg 2V 2O 7, MgMoO 4, etc., were studied for their activity and selectivity for the oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of propane. Molybdenum substitution on vanadium sites increased both the selectivity and activity of propane ODH. The increase in selectivity and activity seen with molybdenum substitution was associated with Mg cation vacancies formed from the substitution of Mo 6+ for V 5+. The cation vacancies allowed for a more facile diffusion of the bulk oxide anions to the catalyst surface. The relationship between structure and the catalytic activity and selectivity of Mg 3(VO 4) 2 and Mg 0.992MoO 3.992 was studied by in situ visible and UV Raman spectroscopy. The present work was directed toward understanding the reaction mechanism of propane ODH on the catalyst surface. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 228th ACS National Meeting (Philadelphia, PA, 8/22-26/2004).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
Volume228
Edition1
Publication statusPublished - 2004
EventAbstracts of Papers - 228th ACS National Meeting - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Aug 22 2004Aug 26 2004

Other

OtherAbstracts of Papers - 228th ACS National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period8/22/048/26/04

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Propane
Dehydrogenation
Oxides
Substitution reactions
Molybdenum
Vacancies
Cations
Vanadium
Catalysts
Catalyst selectivity
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
Phase composition
Phase diagrams
Anions
Raman spectroscopy
Catalyst activity
Thermodynamic properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Pless, J. D., Bardin, B. B., Stair, P. C., & Poeppelmeier, K. R. (2004). Catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Mo oxides. In ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts (1 ed., Vol. 228)

Catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Mo oxides. / Pless, Jason D.; Bardin, Billy B.; Stair, Peter C; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. Vol. 228 1. ed. 2004.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Pless, JD, Bardin, BB, Stair, PC & Poeppelmeier, KR 2004, Catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Mo oxides. in ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 1 edn, vol. 228, Abstracts of Papers - 228th ACS National Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, United States, 8/22/04.
Pless JD, Bardin BB, Stair PC, Poeppelmeier KR. Catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Mo oxides. In ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 1 ed. Vol. 228. 2004
Pless, Jason D. ; Bardin, Billy B. ; Stair, Peter C ; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. / Catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane over Mg-V-Mo oxides. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. Vol. 228 1. ed. 2004.
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