Characterization of domain ordering in polymer and dendrimer thin films using photoluminescence and third harmonic generation (THG) near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM)

Richard D Schaller, Lynn F. Lee, Thuc Quyen Nguyen, Preston T. Snee, Richard J. Saykally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have utilized the high spatial resolution of near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) to characterize nanoscopic electronic inhomogeneity in as-cast thin films of a light-harvesting dendrimer consisting of coumarin-343 (core) and coumarin-2 (peripheral) chromophores and in thermally annealed thin films of the semiconductive polymer poly(2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene) (MEH-PPV). Using photoluminescence (PL) and third harmonic generation (THG) NSOM techniques, we have observed nanoscopic domains in these films that exhibit increased delocalization in the excited (using PL) and ground states (using THG). In addition, we have developed a procedure for examining NSOM images via calculation of radial distribution functions (RDFs). RDF analysis of the PL and THG NSOM images indicates that the domains exhibit correlated structure in annealed MEH-PPV films while the light-harvesting dendrimeric material does not. The existence or absence of such nanoscopic amorphous structure can be understood in terms of the molecular structure of each material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4799-4803
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume42
Issue number7 B
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

Fingerprint

Near field scanning optical microscopy
Dendrimers
dendrimers
Harmonic generation
harmonic generations
near fields
Photoluminescence
microscopy
photoluminescence
Thin films
scanning
polymers
Polymers
thin films
radial distribution
Distribution functions
distribution functions
Chromophores
Ground state
Molecular structure

Keywords

  • Dendrimer
  • Domains
  • Harmonic generation
  • Microscopy
  • Near-field
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Photoluminescence
  • Polymer
  • Semiconductor
  • Thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of domain ordering in polymer and dendrimer thin films using photoluminescence and third harmonic generation (THG) near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM)",
abstract = "We have utilized the high spatial resolution of near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) to characterize nanoscopic electronic inhomogeneity in as-cast thin films of a light-harvesting dendrimer consisting of coumarin-343 (core) and coumarin-2 (peripheral) chromophores and in thermally annealed thin films of the semiconductive polymer poly(2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene) (MEH-PPV). Using photoluminescence (PL) and third harmonic generation (THG) NSOM techniques, we have observed nanoscopic domains in these films that exhibit increased delocalization in the excited (using PL) and ground states (using THG). In addition, we have developed a procedure for examining NSOM images via calculation of radial distribution functions (RDFs). RDF analysis of the PL and THG NSOM images indicates that the domains exhibit correlated structure in annealed MEH-PPV films while the light-harvesting dendrimeric material does not. The existence or absence of such nanoscopic amorphous structure can be understood in terms of the molecular structure of each material.",
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T1 - Characterization of domain ordering in polymer and dendrimer thin films using photoluminescence and third harmonic generation (THG) near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM)

AU - Schaller, Richard D

AU - Lee, Lynn F.

AU - Nguyen, Thuc Quyen

AU - Snee, Preston T.

AU - Saykally, Richard J.

PY - 2003/7

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N2 - We have utilized the high spatial resolution of near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) to characterize nanoscopic electronic inhomogeneity in as-cast thin films of a light-harvesting dendrimer consisting of coumarin-343 (core) and coumarin-2 (peripheral) chromophores and in thermally annealed thin films of the semiconductive polymer poly(2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene) (MEH-PPV). Using photoluminescence (PL) and third harmonic generation (THG) NSOM techniques, we have observed nanoscopic domains in these films that exhibit increased delocalization in the excited (using PL) and ground states (using THG). In addition, we have developed a procedure for examining NSOM images via calculation of radial distribution functions (RDFs). RDF analysis of the PL and THG NSOM images indicates that the domains exhibit correlated structure in annealed MEH-PPV films while the light-harvesting dendrimeric material does not. The existence or absence of such nanoscopic amorphous structure can be understood in terms of the molecular structure of each material.

AB - We have utilized the high spatial resolution of near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) to characterize nanoscopic electronic inhomogeneity in as-cast thin films of a light-harvesting dendrimer consisting of coumarin-343 (core) and coumarin-2 (peripheral) chromophores and in thermally annealed thin films of the semiconductive polymer poly(2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene) (MEH-PPV). Using photoluminescence (PL) and third harmonic generation (THG) NSOM techniques, we have observed nanoscopic domains in these films that exhibit increased delocalization in the excited (using PL) and ground states (using THG). In addition, we have developed a procedure for examining NSOM images via calculation of radial distribution functions (RDFs). RDF analysis of the PL and THG NSOM images indicates that the domains exhibit correlated structure in annealed MEH-PPV films while the light-harvesting dendrimeric material does not. The existence or absence of such nanoscopic amorphous structure can be understood in terms of the molecular structure of each material.

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KW - Thin films

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