The relative differential resistance responses of carbon black-poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (PEVA) composite vapor detectors were evaluated in response to short rise time (<2 ms for a 17 ms pulse length) square pulses of acetone, n-hexane, methanol, 2-propanol, or toluene, in a background of synthetic air. The use of ultrathin films, along with a rapid vapor delivery system, facilitated measurement of the rapid time response available from this examplary carbon black-polymer composite chemiresistive film for the detection of common organic vapors. Detectors formed from very thin (<200 nm) PEVA-carbon black composites produced steady-state responses within 17 ms upon exposure to methanol and produced steady-state responses within 90 ms upon exposure to toluene, acetone, and n-hexane. In accord with Fickian diffusion, the response times of the relative differential resistance of PEVA-carbon black detectors to analyte exposures were proportional to the square of the film thickness, l, in the range 510 ≤ l ≤ 5700 nm. Additionally, the relative differential resistance versus time profiles of PEVA-carbon black detectors were well fit by a simple finite difference model based on Fickian analyte diffusion, using a single analyte diffusion coefficient, for a variety of different film thicknesses and analyte concentrations.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Physical Chemistry B|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 9 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry