Charge photogeneration in neat conjugated polymers

Obadiah G. Reid, Ryan D. Pensack, Yin Song, Gregory D. Scholes, Gary Rumbles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The origin and yield of charges in neat conjugated polymers has long been controversial. In this paper, we review the body of literature that has been created over the past three decades of research in this field and provide insight from our own recent work highlighting the importance of polymer microstructure in understanding the photophysics of these materials. We focus primarily on polythiophene, poly(p-phenylene vinylene), and ladder-type poly(p-phenylene) derivatives, as these three prototypical polymer backbone structures have undergone the most complete study. We find compelling evidence that the primary photoexcitations in conjugated polymers include both intrachain excitons and excimers, that charges are produced in a secondary process, primarily from breakup of intrachain excitons, and that the locus of long-lived charge generation is at the interface between amorphous and crystalline domains of the polymer. Interestingly, the existence of interchromophore complexes that we refer to as excimers has largely been ignored in the development of organic photovoltaics based on conjugated polymers. We suggest that the prevalence of this species may help explain certain mysterious features in that body of work, in particular the excess energy offset required for efficient charge separation in donor/acceptor blends and the requirement for intimately mixed phases of the two materials for maximally efficient photocurrent generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-575
Number of pages15
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 14 2014

Fingerprint

Conjugated polymers
Polymers
Excitons
Photoexcitation
Ladders
Photocurrents
Crystalline materials
Derivatives
Microstructure
LDS 751

Keywords

  • excimer
  • exciplex
  • microwave conductivity
  • polaron
  • pump-dump
  • pump-probe
  • transient absorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Reid, O. G., Pensack, R. D., Song, Y., Scholes, G. D., & Rumbles, G. (2014). Charge photogeneration in neat conjugated polymers. Chemistry of Materials, 26(1), 561-575. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm4027144

Charge photogeneration in neat conjugated polymers. / Reid, Obadiah G.; Pensack, Ryan D.; Song, Yin; Scholes, Gregory D.; Rumbles, Gary.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, No. 1, 14.01.2014, p. 561-575.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reid, OG, Pensack, RD, Song, Y, Scholes, GD & Rumbles, G 2014, 'Charge photogeneration in neat conjugated polymers', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 561-575. https://doi.org/10.1021/cm4027144
Reid, Obadiah G. ; Pensack, Ryan D. ; Song, Yin ; Scholes, Gregory D. ; Rumbles, Gary. / Charge photogeneration in neat conjugated polymers. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2014 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 561-575.
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