Carotenoid-porphyrin-quinone triad molecules undergo a photodriven two-step electron-transfer reaction which results in the generation of a high-energy charge-separated state with a lifetime on the microsecond time scale at ambient temperatures in fluid solution. These systems mimic the initial charge separation steps of photosynthesis. A series of these tripartite molecules which differ systematically in the nature of the linkages joining the porphyrin to the quinone and carotenoid moieties has been synthesized in order to investigate the effect of structure on the yield and lifetime of the charge-separated state. The time-averaged solution conformations of these molecules have been determined from porphyrin ring current induced shifts in the 1H NMR resonances of the carotenoid and quinone moieties. Studies of the triads and related molecules in dichloromethane solution using time-correlated single photon counting fluorescence lifetime techniques have yielded the rate constant for the first of the photoinitiated electron-transfer steps as a function of the linkage joining the porphyrin and the quinone. The rate constants range from 1.5 × 108 to 9.7 × 109 s-1. For most members of the series, the results are consistent with an exponential dependence of the electron-transfer rate on the experimentally determined donor-acceptor separation, with the exponential factor α = 0.6 Å-1.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1987|
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