Quantum coherence effects on charge transfer and spin dynamics in a system having two degenerate electron acceptors are studied using a zinc 5,10,15-tri(n-pentyl)-20-phenylporphyrin (ZnP) electron donor covalently linked to either one or two naphthalene-1,8:4,5-bis(dicarboximide) (NDI) electron acceptors using an anthracene (An) spacer, ZnP-An-NDI (1) and ZnP-An-NDI2 (2), respectively. Following photoexcitation of 1 and 2 in toluene at 295 K, femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy shows that the electron transfer (ET) rate constant for 2 is about three times larger than that of 1, which can be accounted for by the statistical nature of incoherent ET as well as the electron couplings for the charge separation reactions. In contrast, the rate constant for charge recombination (CR) of 1 is about 25% faster than that of 2. Using femtosecond transient infrared spectroscopy and theoretical analysis, we find that the electron on NDI2a ¢- in 2 localizes onto one of the two NDIs prior to CR, thus precluding electronically coherent CR from NDI2a ¢-. Conversely, CR in both 1 and 2 is spin coherent as indicated by the observation of a resonance in the 3*ZnP yield following CR as a function of applied magnetic field, giving spin-spin exchange interaction energies of 2J = 210 and 236 mT, respectively, where the line width of the resonance for 2 is greater than 1. These data show that while CR is a spin-coherent process, incoherent hopping of the electron between the two NDIs in 2, consistent with the lack of delocalization noted above, results in greater spin decoherence in 2 relative to 1.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry