Charge transfer reactions in nematic liquid crystals

Gary P. Wiederrecht, Michael R. Wasielewski, Tamar Galili, Haim Levanon

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultrafast transient absorption studies of intramolecular photoinduced charge separation and thermal charge recombination were carried out on a molecule consisting of a 4-(N-pyrrolidino)naphthalene-l,8-imide donor (PNI) covalently attached to a pyromellitimide acceptor (PI) dissolved in the liquid crystal 4'-(n-pentyl)-4-cyanobiphenyl (5CB). The temperature dependencies of the charge separation and recombination rates were obtained at temperatures above the nematic-isotropic phase transition of 5CB, where ordered microdomains exist and scattering of visible light by these domains is absent. We show that excited state charge separation is non-adiabatic, and obtain the unexpected result that charge separation is dominated by molecular reorientation of 5CB perpendicular to the director within the liquid crystal microdomains. We also show that charge recombination is adiabatic and is controlled by the comparatively slow collective reorientation of the liquid crystal microdomains relative to the orientation of PNI+-PI. We also report the results of time resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (TREPR) studies of photoinduced charge separation in a series of supramolecular compounds dissoved in oriented liquid crystal solvents. These studies permit the determination of the radical pair energy levels as the solvent reorganization energy increases from the low temperature crystalline phase, through the soft glass phase, to the nematic phase of the liquid crystal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-111
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3475
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998
EventLiquid Crystals II - San Diego,CA, United States
Duration: Jul 20 1998Jul 21 1998

Keywords

  • Charge Transfer
  • Liquid Crystals
  • Solvation Dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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