Chemical and structural factors governing transparent conductivity in oxides

B. J. Ingram, G. B. Gonzalez, D. R. Kammler, M. I. Bertoni, Thomas O Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The history, applications, and basic requirements of transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) are reviewed. Four basic families of TCOs are recognized, including n-type oxides with tetrahedrally-coordinated cations (e.g., ZnO), n-type oxides with octahedrally-coordinated cations (e.g., CdO, In 2O3, SnO2, and related binary and ternary compounds), p-type oxides with linearly-coordinated cations (e.g., CuAlO 2, Cu2SrO2, and related compounds), and n-type oxides with cage structures (e.g., 12CaO·7Al2O3). TCO behavior is discussed with attention to structural and chemical factors, especially point defect chemistry, governing carrier generation and transport properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Volume13
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

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Oxides
conductivity
oxides
Cations
Positive ions
cations
conduction
Point defects
Transport properties
point defects
transport properties
histories
chemistry
requirements

Keywords

  • Electrical conductivity
  • Point defects
  • Transparent conducting oxide (TCO)
  • Transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Chemical and structural factors governing transparent conductivity in oxides. / Ingram, B. J.; Gonzalez, G. B.; Kammler, D. R.; Bertoni, M. I.; Mason, Thomas O.

In: Journal of Electroceramics, Vol. 13, No. 1-3, 07.2004, p. 167-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ingram, B. J. ; Gonzalez, G. B. ; Kammler, D. R. ; Bertoni, M. I. ; Mason, Thomas O. / Chemical and structural factors governing transparent conductivity in oxides. In: Journal of Electroceramics. 2004 ; Vol. 13, No. 1-3. pp. 167-175.
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