Chemical, thermal and mechanical stabilities of metal-organic frameworks

Ashlee J. Howarth, Yangyang Liu, Peng Li, Zhanyong Li, Timothy C. Wang, Joseph T Hupp, Omar K. Farha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

349 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The construction of thousands of well-defined, porous, metal-organic framework (MOF) structures, spanning a broad range of topologies and an even broader range of pore sizes and chemical functionalities, has fuelled the exploration of many applications. Accompanying this applied focus has been a recognition of the need to engender MOFs with mechanical, thermal and/or chemical stability. Chemical stability in acidic, basic and neutral aqueous solutions is important. Advances over recent years have made it possible to design MOFs that possess different combinations of mechanical, thermal and chemical stability. Here, we review these advances and the associated design principles and synthesis strategies. We focus on how these advances may render MOFs effective as heterogeneous catalysts, both in chemically harsh condensed phases and in thermally challenging conditions relevant to gas-phase reactions. Finally, we briefly discuss future directions of study for the production of highly stable MOFs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15018
JournalNature Reviews Materials
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 9 2016

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Mechanical stability
Chemical stability
Thermodynamic stability
Metals
Pore size
Gases
Topology
Catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Chemical, thermal and mechanical stabilities of metal-organic frameworks. / Howarth, Ashlee J.; Liu, Yangyang; Li, Peng; Li, Zhanyong; Wang, Timothy C.; Hupp, Joseph T; Farha, Omar K.

In: Nature Reviews Materials, Vol. 1, 15018, 09.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Howarth, Ashlee J. ; Liu, Yangyang ; Li, Peng ; Li, Zhanyong ; Wang, Timothy C. ; Hupp, Joseph T ; Farha, Omar K. / Chemical, thermal and mechanical stabilities of metal-organic frameworks. In: Nature Reviews Materials. 2016 ; Vol. 1.
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