Cocatalysts for metal-catalyzed olefin polymerization: Activators, activation processes, and structure-activity relationships

Eugene You Xian Chen, Tobin J Marks

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1697 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The principal topics in cocatalytic chemistry are discussed. The topics discussed include: types and intrinsic structural features of commonly-used activators; activation processes embodied in the various chemical reactions between the precatalyst and cocatalyst; catalyst-cocatalyst structure-activity relationships as revealed by the nature of cation-anion interactions in both the solid state and in solution; thermodynamics of catalyst activation; kinetics of ion pair dissociation/reorganization processes; and how these interactions are intimately connected with polymerization activity and stereospecificity. Common deactivation processes and the forces stabilizing highly electrophilic cationic metal complexes in solution are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1391-1434
Number of pages44
JournalChemical Reviews
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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