Combined Spectroscopic and Electrochemical Detection of a NiI⋯H-N Bonding Interaction with Relevance to Electrocatalytic H2 Production

Amélie Kochem, Molly O'Hagan, Eric Wiedner, Maurice Van Gastel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The [Ni(PR2NR′2)2]2+ family of complexes are exceptionally active catalysts for proton reduction to H2. In this manuscript, we explore the first protonation step of the proposed catalytic cycle by using a catalytically inactive NiI complex possessing a sterically demanding variation of the ligand. Due to the paramagnetic nature of the NiI oxidation state, the protonated NiI intermediate has been characterized through a combination of cyclic voltammetry, electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy, and hyperfine sublevel correlation (HYSCORE) spectroscopy. Both the electrochemical and spectroscopic studies indicate that the NiI complex is protonated at a pendant amine that is endo to Ni, which suggests the presence of an intramolecular NiI⋯HN bonding interaction. Using density functional theory, the hydrogen bond was found to involve three doubly-occupied, localized molecular orbitals: the 3dxz, 3d z 2, and 3dyz orbitals of nickel. These studies provide the first direct experimental evidence for this critical catalytic intermediate, and implications for catalytic H2 production are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10338-10347
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume21
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015

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Spectroscopy
Protonation
Molecular orbitals
Nickel
Cyclic voltammetry
Amines
Density functional theory
Protons
Hydrogen bonds
Ligands
Oxidation
Catalysts
Electrons

Keywords

  • electrochemistry
  • hydrogen
  • HYSCORE
  • nickel
  • protonation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Combined Spectroscopic and Electrochemical Detection of a NiI⋯H-N Bonding Interaction with Relevance to Electrocatalytic H2 Production. / Kochem, Amélie; O'Hagan, Molly; Wiedner, Eric; Van Gastel, Maurice.

In: Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 21, No. 29, 01.07.2015, p. 10338-10347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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