Comparative intra- versus extra-cavity laser cooling efficiencies

Bauke Heeg, Gary Rumbles, Anatoliy Khizhnyak, Peter A. Debarber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Due to recent demonstrations of cooling by anti-Stokes fluorescence the optical geometries under which the cooling efficiency can be optimized are investigated. Since the cooling efficiency is proportional to the absorbed power of radiation, and in previously reported cooling experiments a single pass configuration was mostly used, two schemes for enhancing the absorbed power are compared: placing the cooling medium within the laser resonator and multipassing through an externally located medium. The point of departure in this comparative study is the intracavity circulating intensity, described in terms of the laser gain coefficient and the sum total of losses due to reflections, scatter, and absorption due to the presence of a cooling medium. Substituting measured values of the gain and loss factors for a practical cw pumped dye laser system, a comparison in cooling efficiencies between the two schemes is made for a range of optical densities of the cooling medium. The gain and loss coefficients of a dye laser are measured by introducing a varying loss mechanism by means of an acousto-optic modulator inside the cavity. For high optical densities (>0.1) it was found that when extrapolating the pump power to the dye laser up to 10 W the same cooling power can be achieved with an extra-cavity configuration using relatively few passes as with the intracavity configuration. For low optical densities (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3356-3362
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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