Comparison between the quantum yields of compact and porous WO3 photoanodes

Karla R. Reyes-Gil, Craig Wiggenhorn, Bruce S. Brunschwig, Nathan S Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ordered structures offer the potential for producing photoanodes with enhanced minority-carrier collection. To evaluate this approach to visible-light-driven oxidation in aqueous electrolytes, porous WO3 structures were synthesized by the potentiostatic anodization of W foil. The photoelectrochemical behavior of the porous WO3 photoanodes was compared to that of compact WO3 films. Relative to planar electrodes, the porous WO3 electrodes exhibited a 6-fold increase in photocurrent density, from 0.12 to 0.75 mA cm-2, under 100 mW cm -2 of simulated solar illumination. Spectral response measurements indicated that the porous electrodes exhibited internal quantum yields of ∼0.5 throughout most of the region of WO3 absorption. The external quantum yield of the porous WO3 films was a function of the angle of incidence of the light, increasing from 0.25 at normal incidence to 0.50 at 65 off normal. The porous WO3 films showed excellent stability against photodegradation. This work demonstrates that morphological control can improve the internal quantum yield of photoanodes in contact with aqueous electrolytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14947-14957
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume117
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 25 2013

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Quantum yield
Electrolytes
Electrodes
electrodes
incidence
electrolytes
Photodegradation
minority carriers
Photocurrents
spectral sensitivity
Metal foil
photocurrents
foils
Lighting
illumination
Oxidation
oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Comparison between the quantum yields of compact and porous WO3 photoanodes. / Reyes-Gil, Karla R.; Wiggenhorn, Craig; Brunschwig, Bruce S.; Lewis, Nathan S.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, No. 29, 25.07.2013, p. 14947-14957.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reyes-Gil, Karla R. ; Wiggenhorn, Craig ; Brunschwig, Bruce S. ; Lewis, Nathan S. / Comparison between the quantum yields of compact and porous WO3 photoanodes. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2013 ; Vol. 117, No. 29. pp. 14947-14957.
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