The experimental and calculated permeabilities of hardened cement pastes were compared. Experimental data for water permeability was obtained from the work of Nyame and Illston in 1980 on neat pastes with water-to-cement ratios (w/c) between 0.23 and 1.0. Mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and impedance spectroscopy (IS) measurements were performed on equivalently prepared specimens. Then the Katz-Thompson relation was used to calculate permeability. Calculated results track well with experimental data as a function of time, with the experimental value of permeability slightly higher at most times. The correlation between experimental and calculated permeabilities, at all times, are within 1.5 orders of magnitude. The largest differences occurred at late times for the samples with low w/c ratio. This calculated permeability is quick, relatively simple and appears to give reasonable results when compared to conventional water intrusion methods.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Ceramics and Composites