Competition between photochemistry and energy transfer in ultraviolet-excited diazabenzenes. I. Photofragmentation studies of pyrazine at 248 nm and 266 nm

Eric T. Sevy, Mark A. Muyskens, Seth M. Rubin, George W. Flynn, James Muckerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The quantum yield for the formation of HCN from the photodissociation of pyrazine excited at 248 nm and 266 nm is determined by IR diode probing of the HCN photoproduct. HCN photoproducts from excited pyrazine are produced via three different dissociation channels, one that is extremely "prompt" and two others that are "late." The total quantum yield from all reaction channels obtained at low quencher gas pressures, φ = 1.3 ± 0.2 for 248 nm and 0.5 ± 0.3 for 266 nm, is in agreement with preliminary studies of this process as well as recent molecular beam studies. To investigate if HCN production is the result of pyrazine multiphoton absorption, this photodissociation process has been further studied by observing the HCN quantum yield as a function of total quencher gas pressure (10 mTorr pyrazine, balance SF6) and as a function of 248 nm laser fluence from 2.8 to 82 mJ/cm2. At the highest SF6 pressures, the HCN quantum yield shows strong positive correlation with laser fluence, indicating that the "prompt" channel is the result of multiphoton absorption; however, at low pressure, the HCN quantum yield is affected little by changing laser fluence, indicating that the majority of the HCN photoproducts at low pressure are produced from pyrazine which has absorbed only one UV photon. At the lowest pressures sampled, HCN produced from the one-photon "late" process accounts for more than 95% of all HCN formed (at low laser fluence). At high pressures the single photon "late" pyrazine dissociation is quenched, and HCN produced at high quencher gas pressures comes only from the multiphoton absorption channel, which can be clearly observed to depend on laser fluence. The HCN quantum yield as a function of laser intensity at high pressure has been fit to a quadratic function that can be used to determine the amount of "prompt" "unquenched" HCN produced from multiphoton photodissociation. Additionally, the information theoretic prior functions for energy disposal in the 248 nm photodissociation of pyrazine to form HCN have also been developed. Prior functions for one, two, and three-photon absorption indicate that only HCN with near room temperature translational energy comes from the one-photon process and that all HCN molecules with large amounts of translational energy are produced by multiphoton processes. Finally, analysis of the quenching data within the context of a strong collision model allows an estimate of the rate constant for HCN production from pyrazine for the major "late" channel, kdls = 1.69 × 105 s-1, for 248 nm excitation, and kdls = 1.33 × 104 s-1 for 266 nm excitation. After 266 nm excitation, pyrazine produced by the major one-photon channel lives for almost an order of magnitude longer than after 248 nm excitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5829-5843
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume112
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2000

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Pyrazines
Photochemical reactions
pyrazines
photochemical reactions
Energy transfer
energy transfer
Quantum yield
Photodissociation
Photons
fluence
photodissociation
multiphoton absorption
Lasers
photons
low pressure
gas pressure
lasers
Gases
excitation
Multiphoton processes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Competition between photochemistry and energy transfer in ultraviolet-excited diazabenzenes. I. Photofragmentation studies of pyrazine at 248 nm and 266 nm. / Sevy, Eric T.; Muyskens, Mark A.; Rubin, Seth M.; Flynn, George W.; Muckerman, James.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 112, No. 13, 01.04.2000, p. 5829-5843.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The quantum yield for the formation of HCN from the photodissociation of pyrazine excited at 248 nm and 266 nm is determined by IR diode probing of the HCN photoproduct. HCN photoproducts from excited pyrazine are produced via three different dissociation channels, one that is extremely {"}prompt{"} and two others that are {"}late.{"} The total quantum yield from all reaction channels obtained at low quencher gas pressures, φ = 1.3 ± 0.2 for 248 nm and 0.5 ± 0.3 for 266 nm, is in agreement with preliminary studies of this process as well as recent molecular beam studies. To investigate if HCN production is the result of pyrazine multiphoton absorption, this photodissociation process has been further studied by observing the HCN quantum yield as a function of total quencher gas pressure (10 mTorr pyrazine, balance SF6) and as a function of 248 nm laser fluence from 2.8 to 82 mJ/cm2. At the highest SF6 pressures, the HCN quantum yield shows strong positive correlation with laser fluence, indicating that the {"}prompt{"} channel is the result of multiphoton absorption; however, at low pressure, the HCN quantum yield is affected little by changing laser fluence, indicating that the majority of the HCN photoproducts at low pressure are produced from pyrazine which has absorbed only one UV photon. At the lowest pressures sampled, HCN produced from the one-photon {"}late{"} process accounts for more than 95{\%} of all HCN formed (at low laser fluence). At high pressures the single photon {"}late{"} pyrazine dissociation is quenched, and HCN produced at high quencher gas pressures comes only from the multiphoton absorption channel, which can be clearly observed to depend on laser fluence. The HCN quantum yield as a function of laser intensity at high pressure has been fit to a quadratic function that can be used to determine the amount of {"}prompt{"} {"}unquenched{"} HCN produced from multiphoton photodissociation. Additionally, the information theoretic prior functions for energy disposal in the 248 nm photodissociation of pyrazine to form HCN have also been developed. Prior functions for one, two, and three-photon absorption indicate that only HCN with near room temperature translational energy comes from the one-photon process and that all HCN molecules with large amounts of translational energy are produced by multiphoton processes. Finally, analysis of the quenching data within the context of a strong collision model allows an estimate of the rate constant for HCN production from pyrazine for the major {"}late{"} channel, kdls = 1.69 × 105 s-1, for 248 nm excitation, and kdls = 1.33 × 104 s-1 for 266 nm excitation. After 266 nm excitation, pyrazine produced by the major one-photon channel lives for almost an order of magnitude longer than after 248 nm excitation.",
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AU - Muyskens, Mark A.

AU - Rubin, Seth M.

AU - Flynn, George W.

AU - Muckerman, James

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N2 - The quantum yield for the formation of HCN from the photodissociation of pyrazine excited at 248 nm and 266 nm is determined by IR diode probing of the HCN photoproduct. HCN photoproducts from excited pyrazine are produced via three different dissociation channels, one that is extremely "prompt" and two others that are "late." The total quantum yield from all reaction channels obtained at low quencher gas pressures, φ = 1.3 ± 0.2 for 248 nm and 0.5 ± 0.3 for 266 nm, is in agreement with preliminary studies of this process as well as recent molecular beam studies. To investigate if HCN production is the result of pyrazine multiphoton absorption, this photodissociation process has been further studied by observing the HCN quantum yield as a function of total quencher gas pressure (10 mTorr pyrazine, balance SF6) and as a function of 248 nm laser fluence from 2.8 to 82 mJ/cm2. At the highest SF6 pressures, the HCN quantum yield shows strong positive correlation with laser fluence, indicating that the "prompt" channel is the result of multiphoton absorption; however, at low pressure, the HCN quantum yield is affected little by changing laser fluence, indicating that the majority of the HCN photoproducts at low pressure are produced from pyrazine which has absorbed only one UV photon. At the lowest pressures sampled, HCN produced from the one-photon "late" process accounts for more than 95% of all HCN formed (at low laser fluence). At high pressures the single photon "late" pyrazine dissociation is quenched, and HCN produced at high quencher gas pressures comes only from the multiphoton absorption channel, which can be clearly observed to depend on laser fluence. The HCN quantum yield as a function of laser intensity at high pressure has been fit to a quadratic function that can be used to determine the amount of "prompt" "unquenched" HCN produced from multiphoton photodissociation. Additionally, the information theoretic prior functions for energy disposal in the 248 nm photodissociation of pyrazine to form HCN have also been developed. Prior functions for one, two, and three-photon absorption indicate that only HCN with near room temperature translational energy comes from the one-photon process and that all HCN molecules with large amounts of translational energy are produced by multiphoton processes. Finally, analysis of the quenching data within the context of a strong collision model allows an estimate of the rate constant for HCN production from pyrazine for the major "late" channel, kdls = 1.69 × 105 s-1, for 248 nm excitation, and kdls = 1.33 × 104 s-1 for 266 nm excitation. After 266 nm excitation, pyrazine produced by the major one-photon channel lives for almost an order of magnitude longer than after 248 nm excitation.

AB - The quantum yield for the formation of HCN from the photodissociation of pyrazine excited at 248 nm and 266 nm is determined by IR diode probing of the HCN photoproduct. HCN photoproducts from excited pyrazine are produced via three different dissociation channels, one that is extremely "prompt" and two others that are "late." The total quantum yield from all reaction channels obtained at low quencher gas pressures, φ = 1.3 ± 0.2 for 248 nm and 0.5 ± 0.3 for 266 nm, is in agreement with preliminary studies of this process as well as recent molecular beam studies. To investigate if HCN production is the result of pyrazine multiphoton absorption, this photodissociation process has been further studied by observing the HCN quantum yield as a function of total quencher gas pressure (10 mTorr pyrazine, balance SF6) and as a function of 248 nm laser fluence from 2.8 to 82 mJ/cm2. At the highest SF6 pressures, the HCN quantum yield shows strong positive correlation with laser fluence, indicating that the "prompt" channel is the result of multiphoton absorption; however, at low pressure, the HCN quantum yield is affected little by changing laser fluence, indicating that the majority of the HCN photoproducts at low pressure are produced from pyrazine which has absorbed only one UV photon. At the lowest pressures sampled, HCN produced from the one-photon "late" process accounts for more than 95% of all HCN formed (at low laser fluence). At high pressures the single photon "late" pyrazine dissociation is quenched, and HCN produced at high quencher gas pressures comes only from the multiphoton absorption channel, which can be clearly observed to depend on laser fluence. The HCN quantum yield as a function of laser intensity at high pressure has been fit to a quadratic function that can be used to determine the amount of "prompt" "unquenched" HCN produced from multiphoton photodissociation. Additionally, the information theoretic prior functions for energy disposal in the 248 nm photodissociation of pyrazine to form HCN have also been developed. Prior functions for one, two, and three-photon absorption indicate that only HCN with near room temperature translational energy comes from the one-photon process and that all HCN molecules with large amounts of translational energy are produced by multiphoton processes. Finally, analysis of the quenching data within the context of a strong collision model allows an estimate of the rate constant for HCN production from pyrazine for the major "late" channel, kdls = 1.69 × 105 s-1, for 248 nm excitation, and kdls = 1.33 × 104 s-1 for 266 nm excitation. After 266 nm excitation, pyrazine produced by the major one-photon channel lives for almost an order of magnitude longer than after 248 nm excitation.

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