A comprehensive set of surface phase diagrams addressing the catalytically relevant edges of the (100) surface of MoS2 catalysts is developed using dispersion-corrected density functional theory and ab initio thermodynamic modeling. The results of the temperature-dependent, free energy-based thermodynamic model are presented over the full range of catalytically relevant temperatures and pressures, in addition to S- and H-coverages ranging from 0 to 100%. The results of this work allow for a full thermodynamic analysis to be performed at the conditions relevant to any promising reaction involving MoS2, ranging from hydrodesulfurization to dehydrogenation to electrocatalysis. Several methodological recommendations are discussed and implemented with the goal of improving the accuracy of the surface phase diagrams at minimal computational expense. A library of the most stable S- and H-adsorption modes is also developed so that linear scaling relationships can be used to correlate thermodynamic stability with kinetic activity. Applying the results to C-H bond activation of methane with a S2 oxidant, we predict S-coverages near 100% on the Mo- and S-edges to be thermodynamically favored and S monomers on edge sites with high S-coverages to be kinetically favorable. For H-abstraction on surface S atoms, the Mo-edge is also predicted to be more active than the S-edge.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films