Continuously Tuning Electronic Properties of Few-Layer Molybdenum Ditelluride with in Situ Aluminum Modification toward Ultrahigh Gain Complementary Inverters

Dianyu Qi, Cheng Han, Ximing Rong, Xiu Wen Zhang, Manish Chhowalla, Andrew T.S. Wee, Wenjing Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Semiconducting molybdenum ditelluride (2H-MoTe2), a two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenide, has attracted extensive research attention due to its favorable physical properties for future electronic devices, such as appropriate bandgap, ambipolar transport characteristic, and good chemical stability. The rational tuning of its electronic properties is a key point to achieve MoTe2-based complementary electronic and optoelectronic devices. Herein, we demonstrate the dynamic and effective control of the electronic properties of few-layer MoTe2, through the in situ surface modification with aluminum (Al) adatoms, with a view toward high-performance complementary inverter devices. MoTe2 is found to be significantly electron doped by Al, exhibiting a continuous transport transition from p-dominated ambipolar to n-type unipolar with enhanced electron mobility. Using a spatially controlled Al doping technique, both p- A nd n-channels are established on a single MoTe2 nanosheet, which gives complementary inverters with a record-high gain of â195, which stands out in the 2D family of materials due to the balanced p- A nd n-transport in Al-modified MoTe2. Our studies coupled with the tunable nature of in situ modification enable MoTe2 to be a promising candidate for high-performance complementary electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9464-9472
Number of pages9
JournalACS nano
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 27 2019



  • MoTe
  • aluminum
  • bandgap tuning
  • complementary inverter
  • electron doping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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