Correlation of fiber dispersion, rheology and mechanical performance of FRCs

Nilufer Ozyurt, Thomas O. Mason, Surendra P. Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fresh state properties of fiber-reinforced concretes (FRCs) were correlated to hardened state properties by quantifying fiber segregation. Rheological characteristics were evaluated using a custom-designed and built parallel-plate rheometer. Fresh state properties of concrete mixes were varied using different combinations of plasticizing agents and viscosity modifiers. Vibration was applied to the specimens and vibration times were varied to understand the effects of vibration on fiber segregation. Two sizes of steel fibers were used. Alternating current-impedance spectroscopy (AC-IS) was employed to non-destructively characterize fiber segregation in the specimens. In addition, fiber segregation was experimentally quantified using a destructive technique in which the amount of fibers in different regions is weighed. A self-compacting concrete (SCC) mix was cast to compare segregation resistance with conventional concretes (CC). Splitting tensile tests were performed to study mechanical performance of FRC specimens. The effects of the rheological characteristics on fiber segregation and, consequently, on the mechanical performance is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-79
Number of pages10
JournalCement and Concrete Composites
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2007

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • AC-impedance spectroscopy
  • Fiber dispersion
  • Fresh state properties
  • Rheology
  • Self-compacting concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this