Si(111) surfaces have been functionalized with Si-C≡C-R species, where R = H or -CH3, using a two-step reaction sequence involving chlorination of H-Si(111) followed by treatment with Na-C≡C-H or CH3-C≡C-Na reagents. The resulting surfaces showed no detectable oxidation as evidenced by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic (XPS) data in the Si 2p region, electrochemical measurements of Si-H oxidation, or infrared spectroscopy. The Si-C≡C-R-terminated surfaces exhibited a characteristic C≡C stretch in the infrared at 2179 cm-1, which was strongly polarized perpendicular to the Si(111) surface plane. XPS measurements in the C 1s region showed a low binding energy peak indicative of Si-C bonding, with a coverage that was, within experimental error, identical to that of the CH3-terminated Si(111) surface, which has been shown to fully terminate the Si atop sites on an unreconstructed Si(111) surface. The Si-C≡C-H-terminated surfaces were further functionalized by exposure to n-C4H9Li followed by exposure to para Br-C6H5-CF3, allowing for introduction of para -C6H5CF3 groups while maintaining the desirable chemical and electrical properties that accompany complete Si-C termination of the atop sites on the Si(111) surface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry