Covalent functionalization and passivation of exfoliated black phosphorus via aryl diazonium chemistry

Christopher R. Ryder, Joshua D. Wood, Spencer A. Wells, Yang Yang, Deep Jariwala, Tobin J Marks, George C Schatz, Mark C Hersam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

211 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Functionalization of atomically thin nanomaterials enables the tailoring of their chemical, optical and electronic properties. Exfoliated black phosphorus (BP)-a layered two-dimensional semiconductor-exhibits favourable charge-carrier mobility, tunable bandgap and highly anisotropic properties, but it is chemically reactive and degrades rapidly in ambient conditions. Here we show that covalent aryl diazonium functionalization suppresses the chemical degradation of exfoliated BP even after three weeks of ambient exposure. This chemical modification scheme spontaneously forms phosphorus-carbon bonds, has a reaction rate sensitive to the aryl diazonium substituent and alters the electronic properties of exfoliated BP, ultimately yielding a strong, tunable p-type doping that simultaneously improves the field-effect transistor mobility and on/off current ratio. This chemical functionalization pathway controllably modifies the properties of exfoliated BP, and thus improves its prospects for nanoelectronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-602
Number of pages6
JournalNature Chemistry
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

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Passivation
Phosphorus
Electronic properties
Nanoelectronics
Carrier mobility
Chemical modification
Field effect transistors
Charge carriers
Nanostructured materials
Chemical properties
Reaction rates
Energy gap
Carbon
Optical properties
Doping (additives)
Semiconductor materials
Degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Covalent functionalization and passivation of exfoliated black phosphorus via aryl diazonium chemistry. / Ryder, Christopher R.; Wood, Joshua D.; Wells, Spencer A.; Yang, Yang; Jariwala, Deep; Marks, Tobin J; Schatz, George C; Hersam, Mark C.

In: Nature Chemistry, Vol. 8, No. 6, 01.06.2016, p. 597-602.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ryder, Christopher R. ; Wood, Joshua D. ; Wells, Spencer A. ; Yang, Yang ; Jariwala, Deep ; Marks, Tobin J ; Schatz, George C ; Hersam, Mark C. / Covalent functionalization and passivation of exfoliated black phosphorus via aryl diazonium chemistry. In: Nature Chemistry. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 6. pp. 597-602.
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