Crystal/glass phase change in K1-xRbxSb5S8 (x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75) studied through thermal analysis techniques

A. Kaidatzis, J. B. Wachter, K. Chrissafis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

K1-xRbxSb5S8 (x = 0.25, 0.5, 0.75) is a well-defined single-phase system that undergoes a reversible phase-change. We determined the activation energy of glass transition and crystallization, respectively, for the three compositions using the Kissinger and Ozawa-Flynn-Wall equations. The results have shown that for K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 the crystallization mechanism could be interpreted in terms of a single-step reaction. For the other two compositions the glass-to-crystal transformation is a process of increasing mechanistic complexity with time and it involves simultaneously several different nucleation and growth events. The slope of the lines in the Avrami plots was observed to be independent of heating rate for K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 and the mean value of the activation energy was found to be 262 ± 6 kJ/mol. For the other two compositions, the slope varies with the heating rate. In the K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 glasses, bulk nucleation with three-dimensional crystal growth appears to dominate the phase-change process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3643-3648
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume354
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2008

Fingerprint

Crystallization
Thermoanalysis
thermal analysis
Heating rate
Glass
Crystals
glass
Nucleation
Activation energy
Chemical analysis
nucleation
crystallization
slopes
activation energy
crystals
heating
Crystal growth
crystal growth
Glass transition
plots

Keywords

  • Calorimetry
  • Chalcogenides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Crystal/glass phase change in K1-xRbxSb5S8 (x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75) studied through thermal analysis techniques. / Kaidatzis, A.; Wachter, J. B.; Chrissafis, K.; Paraskevopoulos, K. M.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 354, No. 30, 15.07.2008, p. 3643-3648.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kaidatzis, A. ; Wachter, J. B. ; Chrissafis, K. ; Paraskevopoulos, K. M. ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Crystal/glass phase change in K1-xRbxSb5S8 (x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75) studied through thermal analysis techniques. In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2008 ; Vol. 354, No. 30. pp. 3643-3648.
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AU - Paraskevopoulos, K. M.

AU - Kanatzidis, Mercouri G

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N2 - K1-xRbxSb5S8 (x = 0.25, 0.5, 0.75) is a well-defined single-phase system that undergoes a reversible phase-change. We determined the activation energy of glass transition and crystallization, respectively, for the three compositions using the Kissinger and Ozawa-Flynn-Wall equations. The results have shown that for K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 the crystallization mechanism could be interpreted in terms of a single-step reaction. For the other two compositions the glass-to-crystal transformation is a process of increasing mechanistic complexity with time and it involves simultaneously several different nucleation and growth events. The slope of the lines in the Avrami plots was observed to be independent of heating rate for K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 and the mean value of the activation energy was found to be 262 ± 6 kJ/mol. For the other two compositions, the slope varies with the heating rate. In the K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 glasses, bulk nucleation with three-dimensional crystal growth appears to dominate the phase-change process.

AB - K1-xRbxSb5S8 (x = 0.25, 0.5, 0.75) is a well-defined single-phase system that undergoes a reversible phase-change. We determined the activation energy of glass transition and crystallization, respectively, for the three compositions using the Kissinger and Ozawa-Flynn-Wall equations. The results have shown that for K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 the crystallization mechanism could be interpreted in terms of a single-step reaction. For the other two compositions the glass-to-crystal transformation is a process of increasing mechanistic complexity with time and it involves simultaneously several different nucleation and growth events. The slope of the lines in the Avrami plots was observed to be independent of heating rate for K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 and the mean value of the activation energy was found to be 262 ± 6 kJ/mol. For the other two compositions, the slope varies with the heating rate. In the K0.25Rb0.75Sb5S8 glasses, bulk nucleation with three-dimensional crystal growth appears to dominate the phase-change process.

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