Cu0.66EuTe2, KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4

Compounds with modulated square Te nets

Rhonda Patschke, Paul Brazis, Carl R. Kannewurf, Mercouri G Kanatzidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reactions of europium with copper or silver in molten alkali metal/polytelluride fluxes have produced the new polytelluride compounds, Cu0.66EuTe2, KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4. All three compounds are stable in air, and crystallize as red-brown plates in tetragonal space groups. Cu0.66EuTe2 crystallizes in the. space group P4lnmm with a=4.481(2), c= 10.260(3)Å (at 23°C), and Z=2. KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 are isostructural, and crystallize in the space group P4mm with 0 = 4.4365(6), c= 11.365(2) Å (at 23°C) for KCu2EuTe4, and a = 4.4544(6), c= 11.106(2) A (at 23 °C) for Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4. Cu0.66EuTe2 adopts the CaMnBi2 structure-type with square antiprismatic europium atoms sandwiched between an anti-PbO type layer of [CuTe]-, and a flat square net of tellurium. The structure of KCu2EuTe4 can be derived from that of Cu0.66EuTe2 by systematically replacing half of the europium atoms in the framework with potassium. Electron diffraction studies on KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 suggest a la × 7b superlattice, the result of a charge density wave (CDW) distortion in the square Te net of these compounds. KCu2EuTe4 exhibits semimetallic behavior while Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 is a p-type semiconductor with a bandgap of 0.24 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2293-2296
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume9
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Europium
europium
Tellurium
Alkali Metals
Charge density waves
Atoms
p-type semiconductors
Alkali metals
tellurium
Silver
Electron diffraction
alkali metals
atoms
Potassium
Molten materials
Copper
potassium
Energy gap
electron diffraction
silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Cu0.66EuTe2, KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 : Compounds with modulated square Te nets. / Patschke, Rhonda; Brazis, Paul; Kannewurf, Carl R.; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 9, No. 10, 1999, p. 2293-2296.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patschke, Rhonda ; Brazis, Paul ; Kannewurf, Carl R. ; Kanatzidis, Mercouri G. / Cu0.66EuTe2, KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 : Compounds with modulated square Te nets. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry. 1999 ; Vol. 9, No. 10. pp. 2293-2296.
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abstract = "Reactions of europium with copper or silver in molten alkali metal/polytelluride fluxes have produced the new polytelluride compounds, Cu0.66EuTe2, KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4. All three compounds are stable in air, and crystallize as red-brown plates in tetragonal space groups. Cu0.66EuTe2 crystallizes in the. space group P4lnmm with a=4.481(2), c= 10.260(3){\AA} (at 23°C), and Z=2. KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 are isostructural, and crystallize in the space group P4mm with 0 = 4.4365(6), c= 11.365(2) {\AA} (at 23°C) for KCu2EuTe4, and a = 4.4544(6), c= 11.106(2) A (at 23 °C) for Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4. Cu0.66EuTe2 adopts the CaMnBi2 structure-type with square antiprismatic europium atoms sandwiched between an anti-PbO type layer of [CuTe]-, and a flat square net of tellurium. The structure of KCu2EuTe4 can be derived from that of Cu0.66EuTe2 by systematically replacing half of the europium atoms in the framework with potassium. Electron diffraction studies on KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 suggest a la × 7b superlattice, the result of a charge density wave (CDW) distortion in the square Te net of these compounds. KCu2EuTe4 exhibits semimetallic behavior while Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 is a p-type semiconductor with a bandgap of 0.24 eV.",
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AB - Reactions of europium with copper or silver in molten alkali metal/polytelluride fluxes have produced the new polytelluride compounds, Cu0.66EuTe2, KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4. All three compounds are stable in air, and crystallize as red-brown plates in tetragonal space groups. Cu0.66EuTe2 crystallizes in the. space group P4lnmm with a=4.481(2), c= 10.260(3)Å (at 23°C), and Z=2. KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 are isostructural, and crystallize in the space group P4mm with 0 = 4.4365(6), c= 11.365(2) Å (at 23°C) for KCu2EuTe4, and a = 4.4544(6), c= 11.106(2) A (at 23 °C) for Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4. Cu0.66EuTe2 adopts the CaMnBi2 structure-type with square antiprismatic europium atoms sandwiched between an anti-PbO type layer of [CuTe]-, and a flat square net of tellurium. The structure of KCu2EuTe4 can be derived from that of Cu0.66EuTe2 by systematically replacing half of the europium atoms in the framework with potassium. Electron diffraction studies on KCu2EuTe4, and Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 suggest a la × 7b superlattice, the result of a charge density wave (CDW) distortion in the square Te net of these compounds. KCu2EuTe4 exhibits semimetallic behavior while Na0.2Ag2.8EuTe4 is a p-type semiconductor with a bandgap of 0.24 eV.

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