Decreasing the polarization resistance of (La,Sr)CrO3-δ solid oxide fuel cell anodes by combined Fe and Ru substitution

Daniel E. Fowler, Andreas C. Messner, Elizabeth C. Miller, Benjamin W. Slone, Scott A. Barnett, Kenneth R Poeppelmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The perovskite compounds La0.33Sr0.67Cr1-x-yFexRuyO3-δ (LSCrFeRu, x = 0.62, 0.57, and 0.47; y = 0.05, 0.14, and 0.2, respectively) were synthesized and assessed as a new type of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode in composite with Gd0.1Ce0.9O2-β (GDC) in La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-ε/La0.4Ce0.6O2 bilayer electrolyte-supported cells. By comparing anode polarization resistance RP,A values for the LSCrFeRu compounds to the either exclusively Fe- or Ru-substituted (La,Sr)CrO3-δ perovskites, the present results demonstrate that the two substituent cations work synergistically to provide further reduction in RP,A from 0.290 Ω·cm2 for La0.33Sr0.67Cr0.33Fe0.67O3-δ (LSCrFe) and 0.235 Ω·cm2 for La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.8Ru0.2O3-δ (LSCrRu) to 0.195 Ω·cm2 for LSCrFeRu (all measured in humidified hydrogen at 800 °C). These impedance results also strongly suggest that hydrogen dissociative adsorption was the rate-limiting step in the hydrogen oxidation reaction sequence for LSCrFe anodes at some of the pH2 and temperatures measured. However, the formation of Ru nanoparticles on LSCrFeRu and LSCrRu surfaces, observed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, appears to promote hydrogen dissociation. Substituting even small amounts of Ru into (La,Sr)(Cr,Fe)O3-δ perovskites is thus sufficient to make hydrogen electrochemical oxidation the rate-limiting step, resulting in anodes with significantly reduced RP,A.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3683-3693
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 26 2015

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Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Hydrogen
Anodes
Substitution reactions
Polarization
Electrochemical oxidation
Perovskite
Electrolytes
Cations
Positive ions
Nanoparticles
Transmission electron microscopy
Adsorption
Oxidation
Scanning electron microscopy
Composite materials
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Decreasing the polarization resistance of (La,Sr)CrO3-δ solid oxide fuel cell anodes by combined Fe and Ru substitution. / Fowler, Daniel E.; Messner, Andreas C.; Miller, Elizabeth C.; Slone, Benjamin W.; Barnett, Scott A.; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 27, No. 10, 26.05.2015, p. 3683-3693.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fowler, Daniel E. ; Messner, Andreas C. ; Miller, Elizabeth C. ; Slone, Benjamin W. ; Barnett, Scott A. ; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R. / Decreasing the polarization resistance of (La,Sr)CrO3-δ solid oxide fuel cell anodes by combined Fe and Ru substitution. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 27, No. 10. pp. 3683-3693.
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abstract = "The perovskite compounds La0.33Sr0.67Cr1-x-yFexRuyO3-δ (LSCrFeRu, x = 0.62, 0.57, and 0.47; y = 0.05, 0.14, and 0.2, respectively) were synthesized and assessed as a new type of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode in composite with Gd0.1Ce0.9O2-β (GDC) in La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-ε/La0.4Ce0.6O2 bilayer electrolyte-supported cells. By comparing anode polarization resistance RP,A values for the LSCrFeRu compounds to the either exclusively Fe- or Ru-substituted (La,Sr)CrO3-δ perovskites, the present results demonstrate that the two substituent cations work synergistically to provide further reduction in RP,A from 0.290 Ω·cm2 for La0.33Sr0.67Cr0.33Fe0.67O3-δ (LSCrFe) and 0.235 Ω·cm2 for La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.8Ru0.2O3-δ (LSCrRu) to 0.195 Ω·cm2 for LSCrFeRu (all measured in humidified hydrogen at 800 °C). These impedance results also strongly suggest that hydrogen dissociative adsorption was the rate-limiting step in the hydrogen oxidation reaction sequence for LSCrFe anodes at some of the pH2 and temperatures measured. However, the formation of Ru nanoparticles on LSCrFeRu and LSCrRu surfaces, observed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, appears to promote hydrogen dissociation. Substituting even small amounts of Ru into (La,Sr)(Cr,Fe)O3-δ perovskites is thus sufficient to make hydrogen electrochemical oxidation the rate-limiting step, resulting in anodes with significantly reduced RP,A.",
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T1 - Decreasing the polarization resistance of (La,Sr)CrO3-δ solid oxide fuel cell anodes by combined Fe and Ru substitution

AU - Fowler, Daniel E.

AU - Messner, Andreas C.

AU - Miller, Elizabeth C.

AU - Slone, Benjamin W.

AU - Barnett, Scott A.

AU - Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R

PY - 2015/5/26

Y1 - 2015/5/26

N2 - The perovskite compounds La0.33Sr0.67Cr1-x-yFexRuyO3-δ (LSCrFeRu, x = 0.62, 0.57, and 0.47; y = 0.05, 0.14, and 0.2, respectively) were synthesized and assessed as a new type of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode in composite with Gd0.1Ce0.9O2-β (GDC) in La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-ε/La0.4Ce0.6O2 bilayer electrolyte-supported cells. By comparing anode polarization resistance RP,A values for the LSCrFeRu compounds to the either exclusively Fe- or Ru-substituted (La,Sr)CrO3-δ perovskites, the present results demonstrate that the two substituent cations work synergistically to provide further reduction in RP,A from 0.290 Ω·cm2 for La0.33Sr0.67Cr0.33Fe0.67O3-δ (LSCrFe) and 0.235 Ω·cm2 for La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.8Ru0.2O3-δ (LSCrRu) to 0.195 Ω·cm2 for LSCrFeRu (all measured in humidified hydrogen at 800 °C). These impedance results also strongly suggest that hydrogen dissociative adsorption was the rate-limiting step in the hydrogen oxidation reaction sequence for LSCrFe anodes at some of the pH2 and temperatures measured. However, the formation of Ru nanoparticles on LSCrFeRu and LSCrRu surfaces, observed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, appears to promote hydrogen dissociation. Substituting even small amounts of Ru into (La,Sr)(Cr,Fe)O3-δ perovskites is thus sufficient to make hydrogen electrochemical oxidation the rate-limiting step, resulting in anodes with significantly reduced RP,A.

AB - The perovskite compounds La0.33Sr0.67Cr1-x-yFexRuyO3-δ (LSCrFeRu, x = 0.62, 0.57, and 0.47; y = 0.05, 0.14, and 0.2, respectively) were synthesized and assessed as a new type of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode in composite with Gd0.1Ce0.9O2-β (GDC) in La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-ε/La0.4Ce0.6O2 bilayer electrolyte-supported cells. By comparing anode polarization resistance RP,A values for the LSCrFeRu compounds to the either exclusively Fe- or Ru-substituted (La,Sr)CrO3-δ perovskites, the present results demonstrate that the two substituent cations work synergistically to provide further reduction in RP,A from 0.290 Ω·cm2 for La0.33Sr0.67Cr0.33Fe0.67O3-δ (LSCrFe) and 0.235 Ω·cm2 for La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.8Ru0.2O3-δ (LSCrRu) to 0.195 Ω·cm2 for LSCrFeRu (all measured in humidified hydrogen at 800 °C). These impedance results also strongly suggest that hydrogen dissociative adsorption was the rate-limiting step in the hydrogen oxidation reaction sequence for LSCrFe anodes at some of the pH2 and temperatures measured. However, the formation of Ru nanoparticles on LSCrFeRu and LSCrRu surfaces, observed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, appears to promote hydrogen dissociation. Substituting even small amounts of Ru into (La,Sr)(Cr,Fe)O3-δ perovskites is thus sufficient to make hydrogen electrochemical oxidation the rate-limiting step, resulting in anodes with significantly reduced RP,A.

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