Defect-Seeded Atomic Layer Deposition of Metal Oxides on the Basal Plane of 2D Layered Materials

Michael F. Mazza, Miguel Cabán-Acevedo, Joshua D. Wiensch, Annelise C. Thompson, Nathan S. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Atomic layer deposition (ALD) on mechanically exfoliated 2D layered materials spontaneously produces network patterns of metal oxide nanoparticles in triangular and linear deposits on the basal surface. The network patterns formed under a range of ALD conditions and were independent of the orientation of the substrate in the ALD reactor. The patterns were produced on MoS2 or HOPG when either tetrakis(dimethylamido)titanium or bis(ethylcyclopentadienyl)manganese were used as precursors, suggesting that the phenomenon is general for 2D materials. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence, prior to deposition, of dislocation networks along the basal plane of mechanically exfoliated 2D flakes, indicating that periodical basal plane defects related to disruptions in the van der Waals stacking of layers, such as perfect line dislocations and triangular extended stacking faults networks, introduce a surface reactivity landscape that leads to the emergence of patterned deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2632-2638
Number of pages7
JournalNano letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 8 2020


  • 2D layered materials
  • Defect driven growth
  • atomic layer deposition
  • dislocation networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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