Displacement of native octylphosphonate (OPA) ligands for methylthiophenolate (CH3-TP) on the surfaces of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) causes a moderate (up to 50 meV) decrease in the band gap (Eg) of the QD. Plots of the corresponding increase in apparent excitonic radius, ΔR, of the QDs versus the surface coverage of CH3-TP, measured by 1H NMR, for several sizes of QDs reveal that this ligand adsorbs in two distinct binding modes, (1) a tightly bound mode (Ka = 1.0 ± 0.3 × 104 M-1) capable of exciton delocalization, and (2) a more weakly bound mode (Ka = 8.3 ± 9.9 × 102 M-1) that has no discernible effect on exciton confinement. For tightly bound CH3-TP, the degree of delocalization induced in the QD is approximately linearly related to the fractional surface area occupied by the ligand for all sizes of QDs. Comparison of the dependence of ΔR on surface coverage of CH3-TP over a range of physical radii of the QDs, R = 1.1-2.4 nm, to analogous plots simulated using a 3D spherical potential well model yield a value for the confinement barrier presented to the excitonic hole by tightly bound CH3-TP of ∼1 eV.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films