Detailed magnetic and structural analysis mapping a robust magnetic C4 dome in Sr1-xNaxFe2As2

K. M. Taddei, J. M. Allred, D. E. Bugaris, S. Lapidus, M. J. Krogstad, R. Stadel, H. Claus, D. Y. Chung, Mercouri G Kanatzidis, S. Rosenkranz, R. Osborn, O. Chmaissem

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Abstract

The recently discovered C4 tetragonal magnetic phase in hole-doped members of the iron-based superconductors provides insights into the origin of unconventional superconductivity. Previously observed in Ba1-xNaxFe2As2 (with A = K, Na), the C4 magnetic phase exists within the well-studied C2 spin-density-wave dome, arising just before the complete suppression of antiferromagnetic order but after the onset of superconductivity. Here, we present detailed x-ray and neutron diffraction studies of Sr1-xNaxFe2As2 (0.10≤x≤0.60) to determine their structural evolution and the extent of the C4 phase. Spanning Δx∼0.14 in composition, the C4 phase is found to extend over a larger range of compositions, and to exhibit a significantly higher transition temperature, Tr∼65 K, than in either of the other systems in which it has been observed. The onset of this phase is seen near a composition (x∼0.30) where the bonding angles of the Fe2As2 layers approach the perfect 109.46 tetrahedral angle. We discuss the possible role of this return to a higher symmetry environment for the magnetic iron site in triggering the magnetic reorientation and the coupled reentrance to the tetragonal structure. Finally, we present a phase diagram, complete with the C4 phase, and use its observation in a third hole-doped 122 system to suggest the universality of this phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134510
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume93
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 20 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Taddei, K. M., Allred, J. M., Bugaris, D. E., Lapidus, S., Krogstad, M. J., Stadel, R., Claus, H., Chung, D. Y., Kanatzidis, M. G., Rosenkranz, S., Osborn, R., & Chmaissem, O. (2016). Detailed magnetic and structural analysis mapping a robust magnetic C4 dome in Sr1-xNaxFe2As2. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 93(13), [134510]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134510