Detection and classification of volatile organic amines and carboxylic acids using arrays of carbon black-dendrimer composite vapor detectors

Ting Gao, Eric S. Tillman, Nathan S. Lewis

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Abstract

Carbon black-insulator composite chemiresistive vapor detectors have been prepared using dendrimers as the polymeric constituent of the composite. Amino-terminated dendrimer-carbon black composites exhibited an enhancement in detection sensitivity of ∼10 3 for volatile carboxylic acids as compared to nondendrimeric insulating polymer-carbon black composites. Similarly, protonated carboxylato-terminated and protonated amino-terminated dendrimer-carbon black composites showed an ∼10 3-10 4 increase in sensitivity for detection of volatile amines relative to the response of nondendrimeric insulating polymer-carbon black composites. The protonated amino-terminated dendrimer carbon black composite detectors exhibited a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) of 22.4 ± 0.9 upon exposure to 2.7 ppb of butylamine in air, whereas poly(ethylene oxide)-carbon black composites exhibited a S/N of 3.5 ± 1.2 at 54 ppm of butylamine. The protonated amino-terminated dendrimer-carbon black detectors additionally exhibited relatively small responses to water vapor. Compositional diversity in an array of protonated amino-terminated dendrimeric vapor detectors was obtained by varying the type and generation of the dendrimer, and the type and concentration of the acid dopant. Fifteen analytes chosen from primary amines, branched amines, anilines, and non-amine organic analyte vapors were all robustly discriminated from each other by their different response patterns on the dendrimer-containing detector array. The signals produced by these 15 analytes additionally clustered into groups based on the chemical class of the analyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2904-2911
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 31 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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